Henri Cartier-Bresson


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Henri Cartier-Bresson
Birthday
BirthplaceChanteloup-en-Brie, France
Died
Occupation
Photographer and Painter

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

(äNrē` kärtēā`-brĕsôN`), 1908–2004, French photojournalist, b. Chanteloup, near Paris. Cartier-Bresson is renowned for his countless memorable images of 20th-century individuals and events. After studying painting and being influenced by surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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, he began (1931) a career in photography. Achieved with the simplest of techniques, his works are remarkable for their flawless composition, for their capture of what has been called "the decisive moment" in a situation, and for the sense they convey of the rush of time arrested. His photographs, characteristically taken with a 35-mm camera, are uncropped and unmanipulated. Cartier-Bresson witnessed and photographed many of his era's most historic events, from the Spanish Civil War, to the partition of India, the Chinese revolution, and France's 1968 student rebellion. He made numerous photographs of the German occupation of France and in 1944, after escaping from a Nazi prison camp, organized underground photography units. He was the author of many photographic books including The Decisive Moment (1952), People of Moscow (1955), China in Transition (1956), The World of Henri Cartier-Bresson (1968), The Face of Asia (1972), About Russia (1974), and the retrospective Henri Cartier-Bresson: Photographer (1992). A founder (1947) of the Magnum photo agency, he virtually retired from photography in the early 1970s and thenceforth largely devoted himself to drawing.

Bibliography

See his The Mind's Eye: Writings on Photography and Photographers (1999); biography by P. Assouline (2001, tr. 2005); F. Nourissier, Cartier-Bresson's France (tr. 1971); P. Galassi, Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Early Work (1987); J.-P. Montier, Henri Cartier Bresson and the Artless Art (1996); P. Arbaizer et al., Henri Cartier-Bresson (2003); C. Chéroux, Henri Cartier-Bresson: Here and Now (2014).

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

 

Born Aug. 22, 1908, in Chan-teloup, Ile-de-France. Major French photographer.

Cartier-Bresson studied painting under A. Lhote (1929) and turned to photography in 1931. He is one of the founders of Magnum Photos (1947), the international agency of photojournalists. Using a Leica with a standard 50-mm lens, Cartier-Bresson avoids complex and cumbersome technical equipment. He depicts the familiar events of the world around him and the manners and customs of people of different lands. The seeming simplicity of his images is combined with humanistic pathos and social criticism.

Cartier-Bresson’s antifascist position first appeared in photographs taken in the late 1930’s in Spain; he was also a member of the French Resistance. Many of his photographs have an antiwar cast. Cartier-Bresson traveled throughout Europe, America, and Asia in the late 1940’s and 1950’s. His travels in the USSR resulted in the collection The People of Moscow (1957). Vive La France! was published in 1971.

REFERENCE

Photographies de Henri Cartier-Bresson. Paris, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Often called the "father of modern photojournalism", French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson developed an interest in Surrealism and studied painting.
The catalog published by Thames & Hudson, in cooperation with the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, is a facsimile reprint of Cartier-Bresson's album.
French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson is considered to be the founder of modern photo-journalism.
AN EXCITING NEW SUB-GENRE has emerged in the world of fine art photography, sure to vie for attention alongside the romantic idealism of Henri Cartier-Bresson, the painstakingly technical masterpieces of Ansel Adams, and the gritty realism of Larry Clark.
Part exhibition and part sale, the works on display represent photography legends Diane Arbus, Weegee, Edward Weston and Henri Cartier-Bresson as well as contemporary photographers such as Robert Polidori, Larry Fink, Robert Eggleston and Tseng Kwong Chi.
30pm - a quick swig, a hello to Karen Koren and off to the Henri Cartier-Bresson photographic launch at the Dean Gallery.
We are miles away from (photojournalist) Henri Cartier-Bresson," who, through a determination to 'trap life' in a 35 mm lens, became the first photographer ever exhibited in the Louvre.
The gallery, which features works by such renowned photographers as Ansel Adams, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Frank and Jacques Henri Lartigue, will be expanding into the new location from space it currently occupies at 52 East 76th Street.
Photographers such as Henri Cartier-Bresson have elevated the seizure of time into an art form by arranging the flow of shapes, forms and patterns within the frame to express meaning as a "decisive moment.
Magnum is a worldwide cooperative of nearly 60 professional photographers specializing in documentary pictures that was established in 1947 by founders including Robert Capa and Henri Cartier-Bresson.
I can answer this very simply -- Henri Cartier-Bresson.