Henri De Blainville

Blainville, Henri De

 

Born Sept. 12, 1777, in Arques, near Dieppe; died May 1, 1850, in Paris. French zoologist and anatomist.

Blainville was a professor of anatomy and zoology at the University of Paris (1812), a professor at the Museum of Natural History (1830), and successor to G. Cuvier in the chair of comparative anatomy (1832). Relying on the principles of comparative anatomy, Blainville distinguished a number of classes and types of animals. He attempted to divide all animals into three subkingdoms on the basis of the symmetry of their structure: Zygomorpha—bilaterally symmetrical; Actinomorpha—radially symmetrical; and Amorpha—asymmetrical. Blainville proposed the term “type” (1825) for the concept formulated by Cuvier. He definitively distinguished amphibians from reptiles (1818) and divided mammals into ornithodelphic mammals (Monotremata), marsupials (pouched mammals), and monodelphic mammals.

WORKS

Prodrome d’une nouvelle distribution du règne animal. Paris, 1816.
De l’Organisation des animaux ou principes d’anatomie comparée, vol. 1. Paris-Strasbourg, 1822.
Manuel de malacologie et de conchyliologie, vols. 1–2. Paris-Strasbourg, 1825.
Cours de physiologie générale et comparée, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1833.
Manuel d’actinologie ou de zoophytologie, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1834.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1815, three of France's leading scholars - Geffroy St Hillaire, Henri de Blainville and Baron Georges Cuvier (surgeon general of Napoleon Bonaparte) -- set about obtaining (this being the Age of Reason) "scientific" proof that black women were more primitive and sexually ardent than their white counterparts, at the Musee de l'Homme,
He, along with pathologist Henri de Blainville, had two intentions in their written autopsy published in 1817: to make a comparison of a female of the lowest human species to the highest ape, the orangutan, and to describe the anomalies of the Hottentot's genitalia.