Henrietta Maria

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Henrietta Maria

(mərī`ə), 1609–69, queen consort of Charles ICharles I,
1600–1649, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49), second son of James I and Anne of Denmark. Early Life

He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother Henry in 1612 and was made prince of Wales in 1616.
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 of England, daughter of Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
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 of France. She married Charles in 1625. Although she was devoted and loyal to her husband, her Roman Catholic faith made her suspect in England. By her negotiations with the pope, with foreign powers, and with English army officers, she added to the suspicions against Charles that helped to precipitate (1642) the English civil war. After 1644 she lived in France, making continual efforts to secure foreign aid for her husband until his execution in 1649. She returned (1660) to England after the Restoration, but resumed living in France in 1665. Her influence may have affected the religious beliefs of her sons Charles IICharles II,
1630–85, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660–85), eldest surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. Early Life

Prince of Wales at the time of the English civil war, Charles was sent (1645) to the W of England with his council,
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 and James IIJames II,
1633–1701, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685–88); second son of Charles I, brother and successor of Charles II. Early Life
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, although she herself was unsuccessful in her attempts to convert them to Catholicism.


See biography by E. Hamilton (1976); study by Q. Bone (1972).

Henrietta Maria

1609--69, queen of England (1625--49), the wife of Charles I; daughter of Henry IV of France. Her Roman Catholicism contributed to the unpopularity of the crown in the period leading to the Civil War
References in periodicals archive ?
In this dual biography, Whitaker, an author of another biography and a scholar of the history of science, details the marriage of King Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France, their close relationship, how they instituted repression of their puritan and parliamentarian opponents, and how this eventually led to a revolution.
2) Written in the wake of the failure of James I's plan to marry his son to the Spanish Infanta Maria, and Prince Charles's eventual marriage to another Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria of France, the text represents an assertive statement of Digby's primary allegiance to the Roman Catholic faith to which he publicly returned in 1635, but which, his memoir makes clear, he privately embraced throughout the 1620s.
Having come from Scotland with the new king, Hay was to be a prominent member of the court, and a loyal servant of the realm: Viscount Doncaster, first earl of Carlisle, Master of the Wardrobe, special ambassador to France and Germany, chief negotiator in the marriage of Prince Charles to princess Henrietta Maria of France, patron of Ben Jonson among others, and sponsor of entertainments at his London residence.
The Saracen's Head in Kings Norton, which ceased trading as a pub back in 1930, was where Queen Henrietta Maria of France stayed for a night in 1643 while en route from from Yorkshire to Oxford during the English Civil War.