Henrietta of England


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Henrietta of England

(Henrietta Anne), 1644–70, duchesse d'Orléans, called Madame; sister-in-law of King Louis XIV of France. The daughter of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria of England, she was taken (1646) to France when civil war raged in England; in 1661 she married Philippe I, duc d'OrléansOrléans
, family name of two branches of the French royal line.

The house of Valois-Orléans was founded by Louis, duc d'Orléans (see separate article), whose assassination (1407) caused the civil war between Armagnacs and Burgundians.
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, brother of Louis XIV. In Louis's behalf she negotiated the Treaty of Dover with her brother, King Charles IICharles II,
1630–85, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660–85), eldest surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. Early Life

Prince of Wales at the time of the English civil war, Charles was sent (1645) to the W of England with his council,
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 (1670). She died shortly after her return from England; it was rumored that she had been poisoned by her husband. Jacques Bossuet's funeral oration for Madame is one of his best-known sermons.

Bibliography

See her correspondence with Charles, ed. by C. Hartmann (rev. ed. 1954); Mme de La Fayette, Secret History of Henrietta Princess of England (tr. 1929).

References in periodicals archive ?
The collection includes correspondence with, among others, Louis XIII of France and Queen Henrietta of England, pleas for food and money, and dedicatory letters.