Henry Bessemer

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Henry Bessemer
BirthplaceCharlton, Hertfordshire, England
engineer and inventor
Known for Development of the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel.

Bessemer, Henry


Born Jan. 19,1813, in Charlton, Hertfordshire; died Mar. 15, 1898, in London. English inventor; member of the Royal Society (from 1879).

Bessemer had more than 100 patents for inventions in various fields of technology, among which were a needle punch for postage stamps, a type foundry machine (1838), a machine for pressing sugarcane (1849), and a centrifugal pump (1850). Work on the improvement of a heavy artillery shell in 1854 led him to seek a better method of producing cast steel for gun barrels. In 1856, Bessemer patented a converter to transform molten pig iron into steel by blowing air without the expenditure of fuel, which became the basis for the so-called Bessemer process. In 1860 he patented a rotating converter with the air supplied through the bottom and a trunnion, a design that has basically been retained to the present. Bessemer proposed the idea of continuous steel casting.


Sorokin, Iu. N. “Genri Bessemer.” In Voprosy istorii estestvonaniia i tekhniki, issue 1. Moscow, 1956.
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In 1884 Henry Fairchild leased a 150,000-acre tract of mineral land on Red Mountain and two years later founded, in cooperation with others, the industrial center of Bessemer, named for the Englishman Sir Henry Bessemer.
He often discounts the hypotheses of other historians by claiming a host of new discoveries; thus, Henry Bessemer was the first to highlight "scientific management," or a parade in 1880 was the first "Labor Day celebration," and other authors have misunderstood ethnic diversities between Slavic immigrant groups lumping together non-Slavic and Slavic immigrants with workers from other eastern European nations.
and John Mauchly (posthumous) - ENIAC Data Translating Device * Henry Bessemer (posthumous) - Bessemer Steel Process