Henry Mayers Hyndman

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Hyndman, Henry Mayers

 

Born Mar. 7, 1842, in London; died there Nov. 22, 1921. A figure in the British socialist movement; lawyer and journalist.

In the 1870’s Hyndman published articles directed against the extreme aspects of British colonial policy in India. After he became acquainted with Marx’ Das Kapital, he published the pamphlet England for All (1881) and a number of other works in which he tried to popularize Marxism but misconstrued its revolutionary essence in the process. In 1881, Hyndman founded the Democratic Federation, which became the Social Democratic Federation in 1884 and the Social Democratic Party in 1908. As a leader in these organizations Hyndman displayed opportunistic and sectarian tendencies. After the creation in 1911 of the British Socialist Party (BSP), he headed its opportunistic wing. On the eve of and during World War I (1914-18) Hyndman was an active exponent of socialist chauvinism. After the April 1916 congress of the BSP at which the socialist-chauvinist position was condemned, Hyndman left the party. He created the chauvinist National Socialist Party, which after 1918 was known as the Social Democratic Federation. Hyndman was hostile to the October Revolution and supported intervention against Soviet Russia.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 34-39. (See Index of Names.)
Lenin, V. I. “Gaindman o Markse.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol.20.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his 1911 autobiography, SDF leader Henry Hyndman argues 'that History has to be re-written from the new point of view; from the point of view, that is to say, of the interests of the great mass of the people and not merely as a record of the doings of the dominant classes.
Frank sees but does not recognize the socialist leaders, John Burns and Henry Hyndman, and his ignorance of these people is his tragedy.
48) As there is evidence that the author 'Bramsbury' may be Henry Hyndman (see Deborah Mutch, 'A Working Class Tragedy: The Fiction of Henry Mayers Hyndman' Nineteenth Century Studies, 20, (2006) 99-112) the advertisements support his argument for the public ownership of land published in his 1881 text, England for All: 'Possession of the land is a matter of such supreme importance to the liberty and well-being of Englishmen, that the only marvel is not that there should be a growing agitation on the subject to-day, but that the nation should ever have been content to bear patiently the monopoly which has been created during the past 300 years.