Henry Ireton


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Ireton, Henry

 

Born 1611; died Nov. 26, 1651. Figure in the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century; ideologist of the moderate Independents; associate of O. Cromwell.

Ireton was one of the organizers of the new army (the so-called New Model Army), in which he served as commissary general. In 1645 he was elected to the Long Parliament. Ireton was the main opponent of the Levellers at the conference in Putney in 1647; he supported the continuation of the king and the House of Lords and opposed the ideas of the Agreement of the People. However, in the fall of 1648, when it became clear that the Independents could not retain power without executing the king, Ireton became one of the organizers and participants in the trial of Charles I. He set out on the Irish campaign in 1649 as an aide of Cromwell and remained in Ireland as lord lieutenant.

REFERENCE

Ramsey, R. W. Henry Ireton. London, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Resistance to Cromwell's successors, Henry Ireton, Charles Fleetwood and Henry Cromwell would take the form of rear-action guerilla warfare by "tory [irregular]" units under leaders like Hugh MacPhelim O'Byrne and John Fitzpatrick.
Cromwell may have reconquered Ireland, but it was Henry Ireton who completed the job and implemented the changes, with often equal severity.
Barbara Taft, meanwhile, provides valuable insight into Henry Ireton, conventionally the villain at Putney for his socially conservative resistance to radical proposals.
His campaign ended with an assault on Clonmel and in May 1650 he returned to England, leaving his son-in-law Henry Ireton in command.
Foremost among these rivals for attention is surely Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, and in this new biographical study David Farr emphasises that, for the period between the spring of 1647 and the new year of 1649, "one of the most important influences on Cromwell .
Without downplaying the importance of subordinate commanders and of the role played by Oliver Cromwell and Henry Ireton during the debates in the General Council of the Army in 1647-48 and in the purges and decisive political events of 1648-49, Gentles has ably resisted the temptation taken too often by his predecessors to turn Fairfax's army into Cromwell's.
In the second section, Austin Woolrych rehearses his impressive arguments from Soldiers and Statesmen to review what the army thought about the meeting while Barbara Taft presents a reappraisal of Henry Ireton, Cromwell's son-in-law, arguing that his opposition to greater political representation for those disenfranchised was not as fixed as it has previously been portrayed by his words at Putney.
In the tract, Cromwell interprets Romans 13:1 - "Let every Soule bee Subject unto the Higher Powers" - in such a way that the higher powers can mean only himself and his son-in-law Henry Ireton.