Henry de Montherlant

(redirected from Henry Marie Joseph Millon de Montherlant)

Montherlant, Henry de

 

Born Apr. 21, 1896, in Paris; died there Sept. 21, 1972. French writer. Member of the Academic Française (1960).

Montherlant studied at the Sainte-Croix Institute in Neuilly. His early works were influenced by M. Barres. Montherlant’s novels The Matador (1926) and The Bachelors (1934; Russian translation, 1936), which reflect his enthusiasm for sports, and especially his tetralogy The Girls (1936), Pity for Women (1936), Costals and the Hippogriff (I937), and The Lepers (1939) show him to be, like F. Nietzsche, an adherent of extreme egocentricity and intransigence toward human weaknesses.

During the fascist occupation of France, Montherlant came to justify Hitlerite policy and the French collaboration as in The June Solstice (1941). In his dramas The Dead Queen (1942), No Man’s Son(\943), Ma la testa (1946), and Le Cardinal d’Espagne (1960), he expressed his support of a strong political authority, for which the masses are only passive and inert material.

WORKS

Romans et oeuvres de fiction. Paris, 1959.
Théatre. Paris, 1954.
Essais. [Paris, 1963.]
Un Assassin est mon mattre. [Paris, 1971.]

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Perruchot, H. Montherlant [4th ed. Paris, 1959.]
Blanc, A. Montherlant [Paris, 1968.] (Contains bibliography.)
“H. de Montherlant. “Nouvelle revue franca ise, February 1973, no. 242, pp. 1–126. (Issue devoted to Montherlant.) [Obituary.] L’Humanite, Sept. 23, 1972.
Les Critiques de notre temps et Montherlant. Paris [1973].

V. P. BOL’SHAKOV