Morgenthau, Henry

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Morgenthau, Henry

(môr`gənthô), 1856–1946, American banker, diplomat, and philanthropist, b. Germany; father of Henry MorgenthauMorgenthau, Henry, Jr.,
1891–1967, American cabinet officer, b. New York City; son of Henry Morgenthau. He became interested in agriculture and bought a farm in Dutchess co., N.Y., where he became an intimate of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
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, Jr. He emigrated to the United States as a boy. Later, he practiced law in New York City and built up a large fortune in real estate speculation and banking. An ardent supporter of Woodrow Wilson, he became finance chairman of the Democratic National Committee in 1912 and held the same position in 1916. He was (1913–16) ambassador to Turkey, and after the outbreak of World War I he was entrusted with the duty of acting there for Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and other nations. He attended the Paris Peace Conference as an adviser on Middle Eastern and East European problems, and later he led (1919–21) in the raising of funds for relief in the Middle East. Morgenthau was made chairman of the Greek Refugee Settlement Commission, created by the League of Nations in 1923, was an incorporator of the Red Cross in the United States, and was prominent in the activities of the Federation of Jewish Charities.


See his All in a Lifetime (1922; an autobiographical account), Ambassador Morgenthau's Story (1918), and I Was Sent to Athens (1929).

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Formulated by Henry Morgenthau Jr (US treasury secretary from 1934 to 1945), the Plan was to deindustrialise Germany and turn it into an agricultural country in order to keep it from ever again threatening world peace.
The plan's aim -- articulated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
With a "preternatural ability to explain technical subjects clearly and carefully, and to relate economic principles to actual international political circumstances," he quickly became an important advisor to then- treasury secretary Henry Morgenthau.
The book also has its share of "good guys," as it highlights the role of Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
Brandeis, progressive reformer and Supreme Court Justice; Felix Frankfurter, Harvard law professor, talent-spotter for the Roosevelt administration, and eventually a Supreme Court Justice; Samuel Rosenman, FDR speechwriter and political confidante; Benjamin Cohen, White House legislative assistant and architect of important New Deal legislation; Rabbi Stephen Wise, prominent spokesman for American Jews; and Henry Morgenthau, Roosevelt's neighbor, friend, and Secretary of the Treasury.
What could Roosevelt have done, given the domestic pressures of an isolationist opposition, an overtly anti-Semitic fringe, a hostile State Department, and the indifference of nearly the entire world, with only Rabbi Wise, Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau and a few dissident voices in the federal bureaucracy urging FDR to think in terms of rescue operations rather than focusing exclusively on defeating the Nazis on the battleground?
As our friends Paul Balles and Nizam Yagoub often point out on these pages, there are a lot more than two Jews in the upper echelons of Western, particularly US, politics: from FDR's influential right-hand man Henry Morgenthau through Nixon's Secretary of State Henry Kissinger onto the likes of Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith and others who pushed so hard for the Iraq war.
The relationship between Wallenberg and the United States is not explored deeply enough and we are left wondering if the Swede charged off with a hint of a mission that he largely concocted himself, or if President Roosevelt, Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, or General William Donovan of the OSS who is not mentioned, are pulling the strings and providing resources and direction.
25, 1933, Roosevelt, Henry Morgenthau, his acting Secretary of the Treasury, and Jesse Jones, head of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, met every morning in Roosevelt's bedroom to set the price of gold.
Developers and speculators such as the future ambassador to Turkey, Henry Morgenthau Sr.