Wilson, Henry

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Wilson, Henry,

1812–75, American politician, Vice President of the United States (1873–75), b. Farmington, N.H. At 21 he legally changed his name from Jeremiah Jones Colbath, and as Henry Wilson he apprenticed himself to a cobbler at Natick, Mass. Wilson became successful as a shoe manufacturer and as a Whig politician, serving as a state legislator for most of the years from 1841 to 1852. His strong abolitionist convictions led him to leave the Whigs in 1848, when he helped organize the Free Soil party. Elected (1855) to the U.S. Senate by the Know-Nothing legislature, Wilson finally joined (1856) the Republican party because of its clear opposition to slavery. He was a leading radical Republican for the rest of his career. During the Civil War he was chairman of the Senate committee on military affairs. The "Natick cobbler," as he was called, was elected Vice President on the ticket headed by Ulysses S. Grant in 1872, but he died before completing his term. Wilson wrote the History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America (3 vol., 1872–77), the first major history of the coming of the Civil War.


See biographies by E. McKay (1971) and R. H. Abbott (1972).

Wilson, Henry (b. Jeremiah Jones Colbath)

(1812–75) vice-president, abolitionist; born in Farmington, N.H. A poor farm laborer with little formal schooling, at age 21 he renamed himself and went off to Massachusetts where he soon had a successful shoe factory. After a trip to Virginia exposed him to slavery (1836), he devoted the rest of his life to abolishing it, frequently changing political affiliations until he found a party, the new Republican Party, opposed to slavery. He represented Massachusetts in the Senate (1855–73), when he became Ulysses S. Grant's second-term vice-president; but after two strokes he died in office.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the meeting, British Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson told the meeting chaired by U.
Before that, Henry Wilson Powlson worked out of nearby Sea View Crescent.
His constant correspondence with his brother-in-law Henry Wilson, the CIGS, is a unique insight into British Army High Command and this legendary Field Marshal.
In 1968 ownership passed to Henry Wilson, grandson of Walter.
166), and French commanders in general not trusting British troops to fight effectively unless buttressed on either side by more aggressive French forces; and finally Joffre conniving with Henry Wilson to undermine Sir John French's command authority.
Dorman Long had many other locomotives with names such John Turner, Sir Henry Wilson, William Hewitt, Ellis Hunter, Sir Arthur Dorman, John Bird, William Jones, Joseph Stirzaker, David Payne and William Anderson.
Cyndy Manton's remarkable and long-awaited book is the first ever account of the life and work of Henry Wilson (1864-1934), arguably the most accomplished and unquestionably the most versatile protagonist of the English Arts and Crafts Movement.
Botanist Ernest Henry Wilson collected more than 100,000 specimens from three continents - including the Chinese gooseberry, better known as the Kiwi fruit.
This event will give our clients the rare opportunity to take a journey through time - to the golden age of Hollywood - when my own platinum jewelry studio in Sunset Plaza housed the offices of Henry Wilson, legendary Hollywood agent to Rock Hudson, Lana Turner and many other stars.
So, briefly, did Ulysses Grant, after Henry Wilson died at his desk toward the end of Mr.