Henry de Montherlant


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Montherlant, Henry de

 

Born Apr. 21, 1896, in Paris; died there Sept. 21, 1972. French writer. Member of the Academic Française (1960).

Montherlant studied at the Sainte-Croix Institute in Neuilly. His early works were influenced by M. Barres. Montherlant’s novels The Matador (1926) and The Bachelors (1934; Russian translation, 1936), which reflect his enthusiasm for sports, and especially his tetralogy The Girls (1936), Pity for Women (1936), Costals and the Hippogriff (I937), and The Lepers (1939) show him to be, like F. Nietzsche, an adherent of extreme egocentricity and intransigence toward human weaknesses.

During the fascist occupation of France, Montherlant came to justify Hitlerite policy and the French collaboration as in The June Solstice (1941). In his dramas The Dead Queen (1942), No Man’s Son(\943), Ma la testa (1946), and Le Cardinal d’Espagne (1960), he expressed his support of a strong political authority, for which the masses are only passive and inert material.

WORKS

Romans et oeuvres de fiction. Paris, 1959.
Théatre. Paris, 1954.
Essais. [Paris, 1963.]
Un Assassin est mon mattre. [Paris, 1971.]

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Perruchot, H. Montherlant [4th ed. Paris, 1959.]
Blanc, A. Montherlant [Paris, 1968.] (Contains bibliography.)
“H. de Montherlant. “Nouvelle revue franca ise, February 1973, no. 242, pp. 1–126. (Issue devoted to Montherlant.) [Obituary.] L’Humanite, Sept. 23, 1972.
Les Critiques de notre temps et Montherlant. Paris [1973].

V. P. BOL’SHAKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter 4, which treats Death in the Afternoon and The Dangerous Summer, proceeds from biography, carefully laying out, through a variety of shared experiences, the parallels between Hemingway and Henry de Montherlant (whom Henri Peyre deemed, incidentally, "a very great writer, a very bad man").
Segrave: 'Chevalerie du neant' ("The knighthood of nothingness"): Henry de Montherlant and the Olympic Games Movement * Lisa Reithmann: Coubertin's Idea of 'Mutual Respect' According to Kant's Concept of Moral Philosoph * Magdalena Mankowska: Rethinking Coubertin's Vision of Olympism: Toward the Revival of Art in Sport as a Modern Principle of Physical Education
HENRY DE MONTHERLANT kept notebooks from his earliest years until the day before his suicide.
Today, who has patience for the work of Gabriele D'Annunzio and his fanatic followers, or Thierry Maulnier, Robert Brasillach, Drieu La Rochelle, and Henry de Montherlant in France?
In both word and deed, Henry de Montherlant personified the man of letters as the man of action.
Henry de Montherlant, The Master of Santiago and four other play.
Peter Quinnell, Selected essays by Henry de Montherlant.
Henry de Montherlant (1895-1972): A philosophy of failure.
Heralded as one of the three or four great moralistes of French literature (de Laprade 107), and even at one time as "France's greatest writer," the French writer of to-day who "will be the most read in the year 2000," (2) Henry de Montherlant has also been called a "non-creative" and "banal artist" (Cruickshank 1).
Existence and imagination: The theater of Henry de Montherlant.
Pessimism and nihilism in the plays of Henry de Montherlant.
Maletasta," in Henry de Montherlant, The Master of Santiago and four other play (pp.