Hepialidae


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Hepialidae

[‚hep·ē′al·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of lepidopteran insects in the superfamily Hepialoidea.

Hepialidae

 

one of the most primitive families of moths. The wingspan is usually 2–15 cm; however, in the female puriri moth (Hepialus virescens) of New Zealand it may reach 24 cm. The Hepialidae characteristically have identical venation of the anterior and posterior wings. The female produces as many as 30,000 eggs. The caterpillars usually live in soil and sometimes in the stems of herbaceous plants or in the trunks and roots of trees.

There are approximately 400 species, distributed on all continents and especially numerous in the tropics. There are endemic genera of Hepialidae in Central Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea. The USSR has approximately 20 species, the most common being Hepialus humuli, which sometimes damages hops and vegetable crops. Large species of the genus Phassus are found in the Caucasus and in the southern Primor’e; some of these may damage grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
Review of the ecological and economic significance of forest Hepialidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera).
Relative Stage frequency found Order/Family Species (a) (b) Lepidoptera Hepialidae Phassus excrescens Butler C L Pyralidae Diaphania nigropunctalis C L,A (Bremer) Cnaphalocrocis medinalis R L (Guenee) Parapoynx diminutalis R A Snellen Parapoynx vittalis R A (Bremer) Ostrinia furnacalis R A (Guenee) Diaphania indica R A (Saunders) Pycnarmon cribrata R A (Fabricius) Hymenia recurvalis R A (Fabricius) Maruca testulais Geyer R A Palpita inustata R A (Butler) Endotricha theonalis R A (Walker) Diaphania perspectalis R A (Walker) Tryporyza incetulas R A (Walker) Heliodinidae Atrijuglans hitauhei Yang R A Scythridae Scythris sinensis Felder R A et Rogenhofer Brahmaeidae Brahmaea ledereri O L,A Rogenhofer Sphingidae Psilogramma menephron O L (Cramer) Gelechiidae Telphusa sp.