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(hĕrəklē`ə), ancient Greek city, in Lucania, S Italy, not far from the Gulf of Tarentum (Taranto). There Pyrrhus defeated the Romans in 280 B.C. Bronze tablets giving Roman municipal laws were found nearby.



the name of more than 30 ancient Greek and Roman cities:

(1) Heraclea Pontica (present-day Ereğli, in the Zonguldak district of Turkey), a wealthy maritime city in Bithynia. It was founded by Greek colonists about 550 B.C. and became a major economic and commercial center on the southern coast of the Pontus Euxinus. Its loss of predominance in the straits and the devastation of the surrounding area by the Galatians in the last part of the third century B.C. led to its decline. In 64 B.C., Heraclea was incorporated into the Roman province of Pontus and Bithynia.

(2) Heraclea at Latmus (present-day Kapikiri in Turkey), a city on the Ionian coast of Asia Minor at the base of Mount Latmus (formerly known as Heraclea-Latmus). At the beginning of the second century B.C., Heraclea achieved great economic importance. During the Roman period, it was part of the province of Asia, and in the sixth century it was the leading city of the Byzantine province of Caria. The remains of Hellenistic walls 6 km long are still preserved there.

(3) Heraclea in southern Italy (present-day Policoro). In 280 B.C., a major battle of the war between Rome and Tarentum took place nearby. The mercenary army of Pyrrhus, king of Epirus and ally of Tarentum (23,000 men and 20 military elephants) delivered a crushing blow to the Roman legions of consul Publius Valerius Laevinus. The outcome of the battle was decided by the elephants, which the Romans encountered for the first time there. After the victory at Heraclea, many cities of southern Italy went over to Pyrrhus.


Memnon. “O Geraklee.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1951, no. 1.
Apel, H. Die Tyrannis von Heraklea. Halle, 1910.
Krischen, F. Die Befestigungen von Herakleia am Latmos. Berlin-Leipzig, 1922.



any of several ancient Greek colonies. The most famous is the S Italian site where Pyrrhus of Epirus defeated the Romans (280 bc)
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Interval International, a US-based company that provides vacation services and an operating segment of Interval Leisure Group (NASDAQ: IILG), has announced an alliance with Italy-based Heraclea Hotel Residence, as part of its vacation exchange network.
The intricate tiles in the mosaic floor above are virtually all that remains of a wealthy Roman's villa in the city of Heraclea.
The Tarentines requested the aid of Pyrrhus, who sailed with his forces across the Adriatic and defeated the Romans in two costly battles, Heraclea and Asculum.
Hagenmeyer suggests that they are (1) The battle of Dorylaeum (July 1097); (2) The battle of Heraclea (September 1097); (3) The battle at the Iron Bridge on the banks of the Orontes (October 1097); (4) The battle against the Turks from the castle of Harnec (November 1097); (5) The battle against a Muslim force seeking to relieve Antioch (December 1097).
collection of Greek epigrams by Diogenianus of Heraclea, and the term was not associated with the full Greek collection until Cephalas.
note the form [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]* in (Herodorus of Heraclea apud) Aristotle, Generation of Animals 757a (Keller disputes that this word, whose usual meaning is 'racecourse', does in fact mean 'badger') and a tenth-century A.
LONDON -- Interval International, a prominent worldwide provider of vacation services and an operating business of Interval Leisure Group (Nasdaq: IILG), announced the affiliation of Heraclea Hotel Residence on southern Italy's Ionian Coast.
The international evening held in the unique ambience of the ancient locality of Heraclea on 1 August, in which companies from Israel, Turkey, Poland and Brazil took part, drew most interest.
65: g), the last one with a similar example from Bitola Heraclea Lyncestis in the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (Cvetovic-Tomasevic 1995, 47, fig.
With a digital presentation the beauties of Macedonia are being screened, its urban continuity, the way it was managed in the past (the archaeological sites of Stobi, Heraclea, the Ottoman period) till the present, Hadzi-Vaskov said.
The trowels of the archaeologists are actively exploring the Macedonian soil on the sites of "Skupi, Stobi, Tetovo Kale, Vinica Kale, Carevi Kuli, Heraclea Linkestis, Marvinci, Stibera, Taor, Treskavec, Kiklopski Sidini (Cyclopes Walls), Stip Isar, Bargala, Vardarski Rid",.