Iráklion

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Iráklion

(ērä`klēôn) or

Candia

(kăn`dēə), city (1991 pop. 116,178), capital of Crete governorate and Iráklion prefecture, N Crete, Greece, a port on the Sea of Crete. It is the largest city on Crete and ships wine, olive oil, raisins, and almonds. Tourism is especially important to the city. Iráklion was founded (9th cent.) by the Muslim Saracens. In 961 it was conquered by the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus II, and in the 13th cent. it became a Venetian colony. The Venetians, who named the city Candia, fortified it and improved its port. In 1669 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks after a two-year siege. It was the capital of Crete until 1841, and in 1913 it passed to Greece. Iráklion has a museum of Minoan antiquities that were excavated at the site of ancient KnossosKnossos
or Cnossus
, ancient city of Crete, on the north coast, near modern Iráklion. The site was occupied long before 3000 B.C., and it was the center of an important Bronze Age culture.
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, just outside the city. Among Iráklion's historic monuments are a cathedral, several mosques, and remains of Venetian walls and fortifications.
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The strong response of the staff resulted in the annual establishment of the blood donation program and the creation of a Blood Bank in Venizelio Hospital of Heraklion.
Emirates flies to the Greek capital of Athens where you can pick up an internal flight with Olympic Air to Heraklion, Crete.
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Researchers at the Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser in Heraklion, Greece, tracked the movements of tethered polymer molecules by measuring how they scatter light.
In addition to major destinations such as Heraklion on Crete and Rhodes, some of the airlines go to other islands, and one, Manos, is offering interisland service among Santorini, Mykonos and Samos - destinations that previously required a return to the hub in Athens.
The tour, accompanied by Lesley Fitton, curator of Greek Bronze Age Antiquities at the British Museum, costs pounds 998 per person (where two share) and includes flights and half-board accommodation at three- and four-star hotels in Heraklion, Rethimnon and Aghios Nicholas.
Air Berlin will introduce weekly services from Zurich to Rhodes, Saloniki, Rostock, Ibiza and Heraklion from May 2007.