Herbert Aptheker

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Herbert Aptheker
BirthplaceBrooklyn, New York
Marxist historian, editor, activist

Aptheker, Herbert


Born 1915. American historian and publicist. Member of the Communist Party of the USA.

Aptheker taught history at the Jefferson School of Social Science for several years. Editor-in-chief of the progressive magazine Political Affairs from 1957 through 1963, he became director of the American Institute of Marxist Research in 1964. Aptheker’s main works are devoted to the history of the Negro people. He reestablished the true picture of dozens of uprisings that shook the slaveholding South and showed the heroic struggle of the Negroes during the Civil War in the USA (1861–65). He is also author of publicist works that exposed the reactionary nature of the contemporary bourgeois conception of history (for example, Laureates of Imperialism, translated from English, Moscow, 1955).


Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York, 1951.
The Negro in the Civil War. New York, 1938.
Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1526–1860. New York, 1939.
The Negro in the Abolitionist Movement. New York, 1941.
To Be Free: Studies in American Negro History. New York, 1948.
Toward Negro Freedom. New York, 1956.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia amerikanskogo naroda, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1961–62.
O sushchnosti svobody. Moscow, 1961.
Amerikanskii negr segodnia. Moscow, 1963.
Vneshniaia politika SShA i “kholodnaia voina.” Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Several FSM leaders emerged directly out of the old left, notably Bettina Aptheker, daughter of renowned Communist historian Herbert Aptheker and herself a member of the Du Bois Club.
Indeed, Herbert Aptheker, who worked closely with Du Bois, further countered the biased Anglo-American trajectories of reading slavery in his 1937 Master's thesis on Nat Turner's slave rebellion and his doctoral dissertation that would be published in 1943 under the title American Negro Slave Revolts.
A revolutionary, workingclass Turner also appeared in publications by communist writers, most notably Herbert Aptheker, whose scholarship on slave rebellion challenged the moon-light-and-magnolia nostalgia that had been flourishing for generations in academe.
Founded a decade ago as a splinter faction of the Communist Party USA, the CofC is led by longtime Reds Angela Davis, Herbert Aptheker, Jack O'Dell, Ossie Davis, Carl Bloice, Noam Chomsky, and Leslie Cagan.
Dayton, and even the unreconstructed Marxist Herbert Aptheker (Abolitionism: A Revolutionary Movement [Boston: Twayne, 1989]), Kaufman sees Lee as a broadminded idealist deeply rooted in evangelical piety.
Herbert Aptheker (New York 1968); Arnold Rampersad, The Art and Imagination of W.
See also Herbert Aptheker, American Negro Slave Revolts (New York, 1943); also Richard Wade, "The Vesey Plot: A Reconsideration," Journal of Southern History, 30 (May 1964).
One prominent Communist Party member, Herbert Aptheker, a stimulating teacher and productive scholar, was unable to get a regular academic appointment for over 50 years.
RECENT HISTORIANS, such as Marcus Rediker and Gary Nash, have fruitfully reexamined the pre-Civil War tradition of black resistance to slavery, first taken up by historian Herbert Aptheker in his much-neglected investigation of 1941.
Little wonder, with longtime CPUSA officials Angela Davis, Herbert Aptheker, Ossie Davis, Jack O'Dell, Charlene Mitchell, and Carl Bloice leading the group.
With the exception of Herbert Aptheker, none of the general histories of abolitionism since 1984 (all written by men) engages the issues of women or gender aside from a passing reference to "woman's rights.