Herbert Brownell


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Brownell, Herbert, Jr.

(brounĕl`), 1904–96, U.S. attorney general (1953–57), b. Peru, Nebr. A lawyer in private practice in New York City (1927–53, 1957–89), he became active in the Republican party and served (1933–37) in the state legislature. He managed Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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's successful campaign for the New York governorship (1942) as well as Dewey's unsuccessful presidential bids (1944, 1948). From 1944 to 1946 he chaired the Republican National Committee. A key supporter of Dwight D. EisenhowerEisenhower, Dwight David
, 1890–1969, American general and 34th President of the United States, b. Denison, Tex.; his nickname was "Ike." Early Career

When he was two years old, his family moved to Abilene, Kans., where he was reared.
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 in the 1952 presidential campaign, Bownell was named attorney general and functioned as a close adviser to the president. Brownell was central in the nomination of Earl WarrenWarren, Earl,
1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif.
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 as chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, as well as in the appointment of federal judges who advanced racial integrationintegration,
in U.S. history, the goal of an organized movement to break down the barriers of discrimination and segregation separating African Americans from the rest of American society.
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 in the South. Although his anticommunism pleased some conservatives, Southerners in Congress were angered by his support for African-American civil rights, and in 1957 he resigned, returning to his New York practice.
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Attorney General Herbert Brownell, who considered congestion the leading problem of the day, attended the conference and was greatly impressed by Brennan, noted for keeping his docket unclogged.
Rogers, Deputy Attorney General at the time to Attorney General Herbert Brownell, was the impresario of the conference.
This partisan inquiry (seeking to document Republican charges, dating from 1948, of the Democrats' "softness toward communism") assumed an even more politically charged form following a November, 1953, speech by Attorney General Herbert Brownell.
William Satire and former Attorney General Herbert Brownell called upon Nixon to explain himself, but he decisively rejected that alternative after Johnson quit the race.