Gasser, Herbert Spencer(redirected from Herbert Gasser)
Gasser, Herbert Spencer(găs`ər), 1888–1963, American physiologist, b. Platteville, Wis., grad. Univ. of Wisconsin (B.A., 1910; M.A., 1911), M.D. Johns Hopkins, 1915. From 1931 to 1935 he was professor of physiology at the medical college of Cornell. He was director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research from 1935 to 1953. Gasser shared the 1944 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Joseph Erlanger for their work on the electrophysiology of nerves, using a cathode-ray oscillograph.
Gasser, Herbert Spencer
Born July 5, 1888, in Platteville, Wis.; died May 11, 1963, in New York. American physiologist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences.
In 1911, Gasser graduated from the University of Wisconsin, where he was an assistant in the department of physiology from 1911 to 1913. He was an assistant in the department of physiology at Washington University in St. Louis from 1915 to 1921 and served as professor of pharmacology there from 1921 to 1931. From 1931 to 1935 he was professor of physiology at Cornell University, and from 1935 to 1953 he was director of the Rockefeller Institute.
Gasser devoted his work mainly to bioelectrical phenomena in nerve cells and fibers, as well as to neurophysiological research methods. He separated various groups of nerve fibers according to the rate of conduction of nerve impulse.
Gasser was a member of the Royal Society of London, the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and the American Neurological Association. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1944 with J. Erlanger.
WORKS“The Control of Excitation in Nervous Systems.” Harvey Lectures, 1937, vol. 32.
Electrical Signs of Nervous Activity. Philadelphia, 1937. (With J. Erlanger.)