Herculaneum


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Herculaneum

(hərkyəlā`nēəm), ancient city of S Italy, on the gulf of Naples at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius. Damaged by an earthquake in A.D. 63, it was completely buried, along with PompeiiPompeii
, ancient city of S Italy, a port near Naples and at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius. Possibly an old Oscan settlement, it was a Samnite city for centuries before it passed under Roman rule at the time of Lucius Cornelius Sulla (1st cent. B.C.).
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, by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79. Before the earthquake, it was a popular Roman resort and residential town with fine villas. The first discovery of ruins was made in 1709, and excavations have continued since. Important early finds were the sumptuous so-called Villa of the Papyri (with a large library, and bronze and marble statues), a basilica with fine murals, and a theater. The modern towns of Resina and Portici are on the site.

Bibliography

See J. J. Deiss, Herculaneum (1966, repr. 1968).

Herculaneum

an ancient city in SW Italy, of marked Greek character, on the S slope of Vesuvius: buried along with Pompeii by an eruption of the volcano (79 ad). Excavation has uncovered well preserved streets, houses, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Herculaneum coach Riley Blair, a 2000 graduate of Benton High School, employed a man-to-man defense in the final quarter that disrupted the Rangerettes offense.
The views from Herculaneum Quay, the new tower being built on the waterfront at Dingle MIKE PRICE
Students were also exposed to the effects of the AD79 eruption and the devastation this caused to Pompeii and Herculaneum for example, the site of Herculaneum being buried 16 metres in pyroclastic flow or the bodies of victims encased in ash at Pompeii.
One of the most splendid objects in this exhibition is a gilt bronze tripod by Luigi Righetti of 1815, based on an ancient prototype found in Herculaneum and described by Winckelmann.
Scholars studying the Herculaneum texts say the new technique, which was detailed in an article published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, may well mark a breakthrough for their efforts to unlock the ancient philosophical ideas hidden from view for almost two millennia.
Among the most delicate and promising tasks has been trying to read hundreds of blackened papyrus scrolls discovered in a nobleman's house in Herculaneum.
Joanne Trickett, by email TRAVELsphere has an escorted tour that takes in Pompeii and Herculaneum, the museum in Naples and Mount Vesuvius - as well as Roman remains in Pozzuoli and Solfatara and western Europe's earliest Greek settlement at Cumae.
As part of that settlement, the Company agreed to discontinue its smelting operations in Herculaneum by the end of 2013.
of Warwick) have updated this text to include new material on Herculaneum and focus on inscriptions and ancient texts.
In the two Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum on the coast of the Bay of Naples in southern Italy, settlements, people, animals and objects were frozen in volcanic ash following an enormous eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
But for the people of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the viewer searches in vain for any sense of an over-arching structure of belief, of any unified view of life or of values mythologised into spirituality.