Hereford

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Hereford

(hĕr`əfərd), town (1991 pop. 48,277), Herefordshire, W central England. Hereford is a cattle-market town, from which the cattle breed takes its name. Industries include food processing, brewing, and light manufacturing. At its cathedral, which probably dates from the 11th cent., the Festival of the Three Choirs is held every third year. (In the other years it is held at GloucesterGloucester
, city (1991 pop. 106,526) and district, Gloucestershire, W central England, on the Severn River. Manufactures in Gloucester include aircraft components, agricultural machinery, railroad equipment, and processed foods.
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 or WorcesterWorcester
, city (1991 pop. 75,466) and district, Worcestershire, W central England, on the Severn River. The making of porcelain, gloves, and sauces are long-established industries; metal goods and machines are also manufactured. The site became a bishopric c.680.
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.) The nearby White Cross commemorates the termination of the great plague in the mid-14th cent. A grammar school was founded there in the 14th cent. Hereford was the birthplace of Nell GwynGwyn or Gwynn, Nell
(Eleanor Gwyn), 1650–87, English actress. Once an orange-seller at the Theatre Royal, she became a member of Killigrew's company, making her debut there in 1665.
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, mistress of Charles II, and the stage actor David GarrickGarrick, David,
1717–79, English actor, manager, and dramatist. He was indisputably the greatest English actor of the 18th cent., and his friendships with Diderot, Samuel Johnson, Oliver Goldsmith, and other notables who made up "The Club" resulted in detailed records of
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.

Hereford

(hûr`fərd), city (1990 pop. 14,745), seat of Deaf Smith co., N Tex., in the Panhandle; inc. 1906. Livestock is raised in Hereford, and cattle feeding is an important industry, along with meatpacking and sugar refining. Vegetables, sugar beets, sunflowers, and grains are grown on irrigated farms in the semiarid plains.

Hereford

 

a city and administrative district in Great Britain, in the county of Hereford and Worcester. Population, 47,000 (1973). Hereford has enterprises of the food-processing and machine-building industries.

Hereford

1. a city in W England, in Herefordshire on the River Wye: trading centre for agricultural produce; cathedral (begun 1079). Pop.: 56 373 (2001)
2. a hardy breed of beef cattle characterized by a red body, red and white head, and white markings
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