Hereford cattle

Hereford cattle

(hûr`fərd), breed of beef cattle originated in Herefordshire, England, and thought to be descended from the primitive cattle of the country. They are medium-to-large, deep-bodied, thick-fleshed animals with white faces and white markings. Probably first brought to the United States in 1817 by Henry Clay, they are now the predominating breed on the Western ranges. A polled (hornless) Hereford strain developed in the United States by selective breeding is now very popular. Herefords are also widely raised in Australia and South America.

Hereford Cattle

 

a meat-producing breed of cattle, bred in the 18th century in England, in the county of Herefordshire, by screening and selection of local cattle. The animals are of typical meat-producing build. The body is barrel-shaped, squat, wide, and deep, with a prominent dewlap. The color is dark red; the head, withers, dewlap, belly, lower parts of the extremities, and tail brush are white. Average measurements of cows (in cm): height at withers, 125; chest depth, 72; chest circumference, 197; diagonal length of the body, 153; shank circumference, 20. Weight of bulls is 850-1,000 kg; of cows, 550-650 kg. The cattle feed and fatten well and produce high-quality “marbled” meat. The slaughter yield is 58-62 percent, maximum, 70 percent.

Herefords are hardy; they adapt well to various natural conditions and to prolonged pasturing; they tolerate long journeys well. The breed is widespread in England, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries. They were brought into the USSR in 1928. They are used for commercial crossbreeding with dairy and dairy-meat breeds. The Kazakh white-headed breed of cattle was developed by crossbreeding Herefords with Kazakh and Kalmyk cattle. Hereford cattle are widespread in the Orenburg, Cheliabinsk, Rostov, and Saratov oblasts, the Altai and Krasnodar krais of the RSFSR, the Kazakh SSR, and other regions.

REFERENCES

Garrigus, W. P. Zhivotnovodstvo SShA. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.

D. L. LEVANTIN

References in classic literature ?
Ask, as I have asked, a celebrated raiser of Hereford cattle, whether his cattle might not have descended from long horns, and he will laugh you to scorn.
To reflect the change we've introduced a new set of classes for Hereford cattle at the 2012 show after we saw a big increase in entry numbers of the breed.
An unprecedented demand for Hereford cattle in many parts of the world is not only excellent news for the breed and its British breeders, but also a reflection of a growing appreciation of taste and "eating quality", which seem increasingly lacking in "commodity beef".
What annoyed us more were the posters on the stand promoting Limousin and Hereford Cattle.
Ron, a noted Hereford cattle breeder whose animals win at shows around the country, said: "I was judging at a show in Yorkshire last year and we looked round and the rabbits were absolutely fascinating.
There is a small herd of pedigree Hereford cattle and a commercial herd, mostly of Limousin crosses.
A Cotswolds farmer has tracked down the descendents of the first four Hereford cattle to be shipped to Australia in 1825.
Richard Lewis, 61,owner of the Salbri herd of Hereford cattle based at Carreglefn,Amlwch, collapsed while exercising a young bull he had entered for Tenbury Show.
As county chairman of Northumberland National Farmers' Union for 2005-2007, I regularly heard harrowing stories at NFU Council meetings about whole herds of pedigree Shorthorn and Hereford cattle in the border counties of Hereford and Shropshire where continual breakdown of TB reactors in cattle herds had most farmers in these areas almost suicidal.
The farm accommodates traditional breeds including Llanwenog sheep, the Aeron herd of pedigree Hereford cattle, chickens and Black Welsh Mountain sheep.
KELSO-BASED Hereford cattle breeder JRB Wilson enjoyed a successful trip to the breed society's spring show and sale in Hereford.

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