Hereford cattle

Hereford cattle

(hûr`fərd), breed of beef cattle originated in Herefordshire, England, and thought to be descended from the primitive cattle of the country. They are medium-to-large, deep-bodied, thick-fleshed animals with white faces and white markings. Probably first brought to the United States in 1817 by Henry Clay, they are now the predominating breed on the Western ranges. A polled (hornless) Hereford strain developed in the United States by selective breeding is now very popular. Herefords are also widely raised in Australia and South America.

Hereford Cattle

 

a meat-producing breed of cattle, bred in the 18th century in England, in the county of Herefordshire, by screening and selection of local cattle. The animals are of typical meat-producing build. The body is barrel-shaped, squat, wide, and deep, with a prominent dewlap. The color is dark red; the head, withers, dewlap, belly, lower parts of the extremities, and tail brush are white. Average measurements of cows (in cm): height at withers, 125; chest depth, 72; chest circumference, 197; diagonal length of the body, 153; shank circumference, 20. Weight of bulls is 850-1,000 kg; of cows, 550-650 kg. The cattle feed and fatten well and produce high-quality “marbled” meat. The slaughter yield is 58-62 percent, maximum, 70 percent.

Herefords are hardy; they adapt well to various natural conditions and to prolonged pasturing; they tolerate long journeys well. The breed is widespread in England, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries. They were brought into the USSR in 1928. They are used for commercial crossbreeding with dairy and dairy-meat breeds. The Kazakh white-headed breed of cattle was developed by crossbreeding Herefords with Kazakh and Kalmyk cattle. Hereford cattle are widespread in the Orenburg, Cheliabinsk, Rostov, and Saratov oblasts, the Altai and Krasnodar krais of the RSFSR, the Kazakh SSR, and other regions.

REFERENCES

Garrigus, W. P. Zhivotnovodstvo SShA. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.

D. L. LEVANTIN

References in classic literature ?
Ask, as I have asked, a celebrated raiser of Hereford cattle, whether his cattle might not have descended from long horns, and he will laugh you to scorn.
SHREWSBURY, Sat, Dec 9 Remarks: Heavy snow did not deter buyers at the Hereford Cattle Society's 2nd annual Designer Genes sale.
Records tumbled at the Hereford Cattle Society's second Annual Designer Genes Sale held at Shrewsbury Auction Centre.
The production priorities here are parity divided between the cultivation of cereals and the breeding of the Hereford cattle.
The house was formerly the home of Captain de Quincey, who had a famous herd of pedigree Hereford cattle.
I loved growing up on my dad's 40-acre farm, just outside Bolton, helping him with his herd of Hereford cattle.
Vintage tractors and farm machinery will be on display and classes for heavy horses, riding side saddle and Hereford cattle.
It was determined that ocular dermoids in Hereford cattle are a genetically transmitted defect, characteristic of autosomal recessive and polygenic inheritance that occur sporadically with no clear cut sex incidence (Backyoumbmand Leipold.
Over 40 Hereford Cattle are expected in the cattle lines as the section has attained the status of National Point Show for the breed.
According to Weir, Davidov "now has about 150 Hereford cattle at his cattle, which he butchers himself, and he makes a comfortable living supplying a supermarket chain and a couple of restaurants" in Kaluga.
We raised sheep and registered Hereford cattle, so we put a lot of hay in the barn.
The scientists found that over the study period, up to two-thirds of the variation in Hereford cattle production could be explained by seasonal weather variations.

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