Herero


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Herero

(hərār`ō), Bantu people, mainly in Namibia and Botswana. They number about 75,000. A pastoral tribe noted for their large cattle herds, the Herero probably migrated from the region of Lake Tanganyika in the 18th cent. They warred against their neighbors, the Khoikhoi, and enslaved many smaller tribes. Their territory was annexed (1885) as a part of German South West Africa, and from 1903 to 1907 they rebelled against German rule and were almost exterminated. In more recent times the Herero have often pressed for independence.

Bibliography

See J. M. White, The Land God Made in Anger (1969).

Herero

 

Ovaherero, a group of people living in Namibia (South West Africa) in the territory between the cities Windhoek and Grootfontein, and in Angola on the lower Kunene River. There are 40,000 Herero people living in South West Africa and 50,000 in Angola (1967, estimate). More than two-thirds of the Herero people were annihilated at the beginning of the 20th century when their uprising against the colonizers of the area was suppressed (the Herero and Hottentot Uprising of 1904-07). The Herero language belongs to the western branch of the Bantu language family. The majority of the Herero have retained their local traditional beliefs, although some of them have become Christians (Protestants). The principal occupation in the reservations is agriculture—millet, sorghum, corn. Part of the Herero people work on plantations owned by Afrikaners and in the mines of the Grootfontein area.

REFERENCES

Luttig, H. C. The Religious System and Social Organisation of the Herero. Utrecht, 1933.
Irle, Y. Die Herero. Gütersloh, 1906.

B. V. ANDRIANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Namibia, for example, due to some internal issues related to the relations with the Herero minority, did not always take steps to achieve prompt and effective reparations.
Several local Herero chiefs resist German colonialism and are executed.
Uniform clothing also served to express local, gendered and historical identities in colonial Namibia, specifically among the Herero, for whom formal organized bodies known as 'flags' carried significant political import (Hendrickson 1996).
In South West Africa the expropriation of Herero and Nama lands was partly justified by moral economic arguments and the claim that these communities had an unconcerned attitude to the environment.
Representatives of the Nama and Herero people petitioned the Government to reclaim the remains from Germany.
In Namibia, rinderpest had a particularly devastating impact on Herero society in the country's central region.
We have no doubt that if Melson were writing his book 20 years later, he would include references to the recently "discovered" genocide by Germany in Southwest Africa against the Herero people in the first decade of the twentieth century and, most importantly for our purposes, the Rwandan genocide, which took place only two years after the publication of Melson's book.
Speeches were given by a few guests, followed by cultural performances representing all of the various cultural tribes of Namibia (Damara, Herero, Humba, Nama and Owambo--each with their own traditional dress and dancing), and some more modern Namibian music performed by a professional corrections/police band.
Outside these larger cities, Namibia is mostly inhabited by clusters of communities such as the Himba, the San (Bushmen), and the Herero people.
Season 15 at Company will see Williams staging an Arts Emerson-Company One collaboration-the New England premiere of Jacquie Sibblies Drury's award winner, "We Are Proud to Present a Presentation About the Herero of Namibia, Formerly Known as Southwest Africa, from the German Sudwestafrika, Between the Years 1884-1915.
Lopez MG, Montiel C, Herero CJ, Garcia-Palomero E, Mayorgas I, Hernandez-Guijo JM, Villaroya M, Olivares R, Gandia L, Mcintosh JM, Olivera B, Garcia AG (1998) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95(24): 14184-14189.