Hermann Bahr

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Bahr, Hermann


Born July 19, 1863, in Linz; died Jan. 15, 1934, in Munich. Austrian writer.

After a trip to St. Petersburg, Bahr published A Journey to Russia (1893). He defended the principles of impressionism in the theoretical articles “To the Criticism of Modernism” (1890) and “Overcoming Naturalism” (1891) and the principles of expressionism in “Essay” (1912) and “Expressionism” (1914). The problem of marriage and art is central to his comedies and dramas—for example, The Tschaperl (1898), Viennese Women (1900; Russian translation, 1912), The Master (1903; Russian translation, 1905), and The Concert (1909; Russian translation, 1910)—and to his novels— Near Love (1893) and Theater (1897), for example.

Bahr’s creative work criticized bourgeois society from the position of unlimited individualism. His late novels— Ascension (1916) and Austria in Eternity (1929)—are permeated with mysticism and chauvinism.


In Russian translation:
Na gastroli. St. Petersburg, 1910.
Ottsy i deti. Moscow, 1910.
Fata-Morgana. St. Petersburg, 1911.
Napoleon i Zhozefina,2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1911.


Handl, W. Hermann Bahr. Berlin, 1913.
Kindermann, H. Hermann Bahr. . . . Graz-Cologne, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
He has selected the writings of eight representatives of the Viennese coffeehouse culture: Hermann Bahr, Karl Kraus, Peter Altenberg, Felix Salten, Egon Friedell, Alfred Polgar, Anton Kuh, and Edmund Wengraf.
As long ago as 1908, the Viennese art critic Hermann Bahr had noted a certain diremption of the task of modern painting: along with any specifically formal and artistic problems it negotiates, it is also called upon "to be its own poster.