Goering, Hermann Wilhelm

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Related to Hermann Goering: Albert Speer, Adolf Eichmann, Erwin Rommel

Goering or Göring, Hermann Wilhelm

(both: hĕr`män vĭl`hĕlm gö`rĭng), 1893–1946, German National Socialist leader. In World War I he was a hero of the German air force. An early member of the Nazi party, he participated (1923) with Hitler in the Munich "beer-hall putsch" and after its failure escaped eventually to Sweden, where he stayed until 1927. On his return he reestablished contact with Hitler and was elected (1928) to the Reichstag, of which he became president in 1932. When Hitler came to power (1933) he made Goering air minister of Germany and prime minister and interior minister of Prussia. Until 1936 Goering headed the Gestapo (secret police), which he had founded. He became director of Hitler's four-year economic plan in 1936, supplanted Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economy in 1937, and was virtual dictator over the German economy until 1943. Goering was responsible for the German rearmament program and especially for the creation of the German air force. In 1939 Hitler designated Goering as his successor and in 1940 made him marshal of the empire, a unique rank. Goering was notorious for his love of high-sounding titles, of extraordinary uniforms, of pageantry, and of voluntary or enforced gifts. In later years he spent more and more time at his palatial estate and was addicted to narcotics. Behind his facade of good humor he hid a vindictive temperament. In World War II he was responsible for the total air war waged by Germany; his immense popularity in Germany declined after the Allied air forces, contrary to Goering's emphatic predictions, began to lay Germany to waste. From 1943 on, Hitler deprived him of all formal authority and finally dismissed him shortly before the end of the war, when Goering attempted to claim his right of succession. He surrendered (May, 1945) to American troops and was the chief defendant at the Nuremberg trial for war crimes (1945–46). He defended himself with brilliant cynicism but was convicted and sentenced to death. Two hours before his scheduled hanging, he committed suicide by swallowing a poison capsule.


See biographies by C. H. Bewley (1962), R. Manvell, and H. Fraenkel (1962, repr. 1972), A. Lee (1972), and L. Mosley (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Their interactions culminate in an embarrassing-to-watch encounter as Rich vents all her anger as the daughter of Holocaust survivors at this distant relative of Hermann Goering.
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and Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goering, who came over for a spot of peacetime horse racing at nearby Goodwood in July 1939.
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One person who might be considered for the title of Righteous Gentile is Albert Goering, the brother of Hermann Goering, who was to be the successor to Hitler in the Third Reich.
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Having been dissolved following World War I, Adolf Hitler ordered flying ace Hermann Goering to reinstate Germany's deadly air force, the Luftwaffe, on February 26.
Or they may be for dams, power stations, and other colossal programs, all in the name of progress or, as in the Hermann Goering Works, military power.
Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering and Heinrich Himmler, the Gestapo chief, settled in for the two-hour train trip to Berchtesgaden.
Fue un espectaculo unico, del que se encargo el ministro de Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, a iniciativa del viudo de la fallecida, el presidente del Gobierno del Estado Federado de Prusia, Hermann Goering.
The same front page of The Register-Guard that reported the Beavers' victory in 1945 also carried an Associated Press interview with Hermann Goering, the Nazi official on trial for his life, who declared that if given the choice again, he would support Adolf Hitler again.