Hermann Göring

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Related to Hermann Goring: Erwin Rommel, Heinrich Himmler, Albert Speer, Joseph Goebbels, Rudolf Hess, Rudolf Heß

Göring, Hermann

 

Born Jan. 12, 1893, in Rosenheim, Bavaria; died Oct. 15, 1946, in Nuremberg. One of the main war criminals of fascist Germany.

A pilot in World War I, Goring became a member of the National Socialist (fascist) Party in 1922 and leader of the SA Storm Troops. Equipped with Hitler’s political authority from 1930 and as chairman of the Reichstag (August 1932) he played an active role in the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in 1933, after which he became imperial aviation minister and head of the Prussian government. He was commander of the air force from 1935 and from 1937 the head of one of the largest German industrial concerns—the so-called Goring concern, which grew up as a result of the looting of Hitlerite-occupied countries. Göring was one of the organizers of the fascist terror in Nazi Germany and the territories occupied by it. Appointed marshal of the Reich in 1940, he was condemned to death by the Nuremberg Tribunal, but he committed suicide before the sentence could be executed.

REFERENCES

Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi nemetskimi voennymi prestupnikami: Sb. materialov, vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1957-61.
Rozanov, G. L. Poslednie dni Gitlera. Moscow, 1961.
Bartel, W. Deutschland in der Zeit der faschistischen Diktatur1933-1945. Berlin, 1956.

B. A. KRYLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
While Peter Gay writes in My German Question: Growing Up in Nazi Berlin at length about the damage done to Jewish property, Richard Sonnenfeldt, however, hardly mentions this outrage which became a salient part of the prosecution's charge against Hermann Goring.
Eisenhower 93 82 80 72 76 30 NA Charles deGaulle 69 79 97 81 77 65 NA Hermann Goring 45 70 59 44 34 42 NA Heinrich Himmler 56 75 72 57 50 47 NA Adolf Hitler 93 97 97 96 97 91 NA Benito Mussolini 78 82 90 96 96 66 NA Joachim von 11 26 26 26 19 28 NA Ribbentrop Erwin Rommel 52 67 72 66 62 NA NA Franklin D.
Hermann Goring boasted that even if, for example, the Russians or Allies surrounded the capital, those inside the stronghold would have no need to fear; they could survive indefinitely inside his indestructible fortress.
EARLY IN THE WAR, Hermann Goring, commander of the Luftwaffe, boasted in a public speech: "If an enemy bomber reaches the Ruhr, my name is not Hermann Goring; you can call me Meier
In fact, he sets up the premise well by killing off Hermann Goring during the Battle of Britain and allowing Gen Walther Wever, the leading proponent for the development of a four-engine heavy bomber, to survive (in reality, he died in 1936).
As Benjamin Madley and others have recently argued, the colonial genocide in German South West Africa in 1904 and the removal of thousands of survivors to forced-labour and death camps in the years thereafter may have had a bigger influence than previously recognized, particularly on prominent Nazis like Hermann Goring, Eugen Fischer, and Franz Ritter von Epp.
In the fall of 1944, Luftwaffe Colonel Johannes Steinhoff and other senior leaders of the German air forces plotted to depose their commander, Reichsmarschall Hermann Goring.
Hitler appointed Hermann Goring (who knew less about economics than Hitler) to mediate between Economics Minister Hjalmar Schacht, who wanted to purchase raw materials for armaments, and Agriculture Minister Walther Darre, who wanted food to cover up his failed policies.
With the coming to power of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in 1933, this effort accelerated until the Luftwaffe was officially unveiled in 1935 under the leadership of Hermann Goring, a former World War I fighter ace.
In Germany, nudism was generally accepted by society when Suren's book appeared, but it became verboten in 1933 after Hermann Goring declared the practice a threat to German culture and morality.
Analyses of the personal administrative empires of Fritz Todt, Albert Speer, Joseph Goebbels, Hermann Goring, and Heinrich Himmler illustrate this point extremely well, as do the author's excellent descriptions of how lesser functionaries accumulated power through state and party offices, and how military and SS structures competed for authority in occupied areas.
It is the continued existence in a big way of all the psychotherapies, including psychoanalysis, in the Third Reich under the special protection of Hermann Goring, under the direction of Goring's cousin, Matthias Goring, who was an Alderian therapist, and, until the '40s, under the international leadership of Jung.