Hermann Oberth


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Oberth, Hermann

 

Born June 25, 1894, in Hermannstadt, Transylvania (now Sibiu, Rumania). One of the pioneers of rocketry.

Oberth studied at the universities of Munich (1913–14 and 1919–20), Cluj (1919), Göttingen (1920–21), and Heidelberg (1921–23). From 1925 to 1938 he was a professor at Roth College in Medias (Rumania). From 1938 to 1940 he conducted experimental work in rocketry in Vienna, and in 1940–41, in Dresden (he became a professor at the Technical University of Dresden in 1940). From 1941 to 1943 he was a consulting engineer for the German military research center at Peenemünde. From 1943 to 1945 he was a consulting engineer for the development of solid-propellant rockets at Westfälisch-Anhaltische Sprengstoff A.G. Until 1950 he was engaged in private research. From 1950 to 1953 he worked on rockets for the Italian Navy. From 1955 to 1958, he and other German scientists took part in implementing the rocket program of the USA at the Redstone Arsenal at Huntsville, Ala. He subsequently returned to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Oberth worked on a number of problems concerning the flight of rockets and their use in studying the atmosphere; he also contributed to the development of rocket motors. He was one of the founders of the German Society for Rocketry and Space Flight. In 1951 the society established an Oberth medal, to be awarded for fundamental research and outstanding achievements in rocketry and space flight. In 1963 the society was named in honor of Oberth.

WORKS

Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen. Berlin-Munich, 1923.
Menschen im Weltraum. Düsseldorf, 1954.
In Russian translation:
Puti osushchestvleniia kosmicheskikh poletov. Moscow, 1948.
“Moi raboty po astronavtike.” In Iz istorii astronavtiki i raketnoi tekhniki. Moscow, 1970.

G. A. NAZAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
12 The idea for the space telescope arose in 1923, when German scientist Hermann Oberth suggested blasting a telescope into space aboard a rocket.
The idea came to renowned rocket scientist Hermann Oberth in 1923.
His work in nuclear rocket propulsion earned him the 1979 Hermann Oberth Gold Medal of the Wernher von Braun International Space Flight Foundation and a 1981 citation by the Nevada legislature.
The German scientist Hermann Oberth first proposed a space observatory in 1923, followed by American physicist Lyman Spitzer (1914-97), who suggested such a telescope in 1946.
In the Evening Gazette in 1959 a scientist, one Professor Hermann Oberth, said that moon bases would be 'common place' in the future and that man would land on the moon in 1964.
From the classic triumvirate of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Hermann Oberth, and Robert Goddard, to the equally familiar pair of Sergei Korolev and Wernher von Braun, he broadens the canvas to include such individuals as Yuri Kondratyuk, Friedrich Tsander, David Lasser, Philip Cleator, Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Frank Malina, and Tsien Hsueshen.
43 Robert Goddard and Hermann Oberth were pioneers in which science?
Romanian Hermann Oberth coins the term "space station," which he describes as a starting point for flights to the moon and Mars.
That was when German theorists, such as Hermann Oberth, wrote about the feasibility of space travel.
Edward Everett Hale and other science-fiction writers in the 19th century inspired serious spaceflight theoreticians like Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Hermann Oberth, and Robert Goddard at the dawn of the 20th century.
Thus, the book accords top billing to Wernher von Braun and Hermann Oberth for their work in rocketry, while overlooking American contributions to rocket engines.