Sibiu

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Related to Hermannstadt: Kronstadt, Nagyszeben

Sibiu

(sēbyo͝o`), Ger. Hermannstadt, Hung. Nagyszeben, city (1990 pop. 188,385), central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. There are mechanical engineering works and industries producing textile machinery, foodstuffs, and leather. The city is also a market for farm products and cattle. Founded in the 12th cent. by German colonists, Sibiu was destroyed by the Tatars in 1241. In the 14th cent. it became a leading administrative and commercial center of the German communities in Transylvania. It suffered greatly in the wars against the Turks and in the 17th cent. came under Austrian control. With the rest of Transylvania, it was ceded to Romania in 1918. The city preserves much of its medieval character and has a considerable German minority, although many Germans were forced to leave after World War II. Long a cultural center of Transylvania, Sibiu has a state theater, a philharmonic orchestra, and the Bruhenthal museum. The city is an Orthodox metropolitan see and has two cathedrals.

Sibiu

 

a district in central Rumania, occupying the Transylvanian Plateau and the northern slopes of the Southern Carpathians. Area, 5,400 sq km. Population, 457,000 (1974). The administrative center is the city of Sibiu. Industry in Sibiu District accounts for 3.5 percent of the country’s gross industrial output; the chief branches are machine building (40 percent of the district’s gross output), textile production (8.6 percent), and food processing (13.5 percent). The district also has enterprises of the nonferrous metallurgical, leather and footwear, clothing, • chemical, woodworking, glass, porcelain and faience, building-materials, and printing industries. Agriculture accounts for 1.3 percent of the country’s gross output; the district specializes in the cultivation of wheat, corn, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, and hemp. Fruits are grown in the foothills; grapes are cultivated in the Tîrnava Mare River valley. Livestock is raised on the natural meadows and pastures, which cover 33 percent of the district’s territory.


Sibiu

 

a city in central Rumania, on the Cibin River, a tributary of the Olt River, near where the Cibin cuts through the Southern Carpathians. Administrative center of Sibiu District. Population, 129,000 (1974). Sibiu is one of Rumania’s industrial centers and transportation junctions. Machine building is a major industry, producing equipment for the chemical, metallurgical, mining, and light industries, automobile parts, and measuring instruments. The textile industry produces fabrics, carpets, and clothing, including knitwear, and the food industry includes meat, dairy, and confectionery enterprises and enterprises for the production of flour, wine, and vodka. There are also leather and footwear, sawmilling, furniture, cosmetics, and printing enterprises. Sibiu is a tourist site.

Medieval buildings have been preserved in the center of the city, including remains of city fortifications (13th to 17th centuries), the Gothic Hospital Church (1292) and Evangelical Church (1350 to early 16th century), and private houses (14th to 16th centuries). Palaces with portals in the Renaissance style (16th century) are located on Republic Square, as are several baroque structures, including the tower of the town hall (completed 1750). a church (1726–38), and the Brukenthal Palace (1780–85; now the Brukenthal Museum). Since the late 1940’s, new residential areas have been under construction, including Terezian and Hipodrom, as well as the areas along Ştefan cel Mare and Dumbrăva streets and Gheorghe-Gheorghiu-Dej Boulevard.

Sibiu

an industrial town in W central Romania: originally a Roman city, refounded by German colonists in the 12th century. Pop.: 133 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
1883), "Aus dem Volksmunde [Zigeunergeschichten]", in Korrespondezblatt der Vereins fur siebenburgische Landeskunde, VI Jahrgang, Hermannstadt, Nr.
Orend, Misch (1942), Schnurren und Spasse aus Siebenburgen, Hermannstadt.
Oser, Rudolf (1893), "Die Zigeuner", in Deutsches Lesebuch fur Mittelschulen, Erster Theil, Erster Klase, Hermannstadt, 130-133.
56) Lucas Joseph Marienburg, Geographie des Grossfurtstenthums Siebenburgen, Zweiter Band, Hermannstadt, 1813, p.
64) Rudolf Oser, "Die Zigeuner", in Deutsches Lesebuch fur Mittelschulen, Erster Theil, Erster Klase, Hermannstadt, 1893, pp.
An der Fuhrung der Institution befand sich der Bischof, welcher seinen Sitz in Hermannstadt hatte und bei der Verwaltungstatigkeit von einem Kurator und einem Bischofsvikar unterstutzt wurde.
Spater erschienen derartige Organisationen mit einem gepragten modernen Charakter auch in den Stadten, Hermannstadt, Kronstadt; ihr Ziel war einerseits die Sicherung des Rahmens fur die Besprechung einiger gemeinschaftlichen Probleme, andererseits die Wiedererweckung der nationalen Bedeutung.
Um die Teilnahme einer hochstmoglichen Anzahl von Sachsen zu ermoglichen wurde 1927 in Hermannstadt eine Institution gegrundet, welche alle, die nicht uber samtliche materiellen Ressourcen verfugten, unterstutzen sollte, die Institution handelte unter dem Namen "Raiffeisen Haus" und befand sich unter der Schirmherrschaft der evangelischen Kirche.
Staatsarchiv, Zweigstelle Hermannstadt, Bestand: Allgemeiner Frauenverein der Evang.