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a movement in Italian poetry of the 1920’s and 1930’s. The name itself emphasizes its exclusiveness, alienation from real life, and withdrawal to the world of subjective emotions. The poetry of hermetism, permeated by the feeling of the loneliness of man, was combined with a negative attitude toward the fascist ideology. Hermetism preserved humanistic interest in man’s inner world.

The principle of modernist hermetic poetry is disengagement from “nonpoetical” reality—hence, the complexity of images arising from a chain of subjective associations. The hermetists sought to make words a supreme means of expressing feelings rather than thoughts: through rhythm and harmony words must express the hidden world of emotions and mental states. The meaning of words as used by the hermetists is also subjective and subordinated to individual associations and often is entirely devoid of the generally accepted meaning.

The outstanding hermetist poets are E. Montale and G. Ungaretti. Montale’s work in the 1930’s was most eloquent in expressing despair and a tragic perception of the world.

The humanistic tendencies underlying hermetism and its hostility to fascism made it possible for prominent adherents of the hermetist style, under the influence of the resistance movement during World War II (1939-45) and the defeat of the fascist forces, to break out of the straitjacket of subjectivism. The poets S. Quasimodo and S. Solmi, who started out as hermetists, began to represent the emotional life of man in a close relationship with his struggle for a better future in the modern world.


Flora, F. La poesia ermetica. Bari, 1936.
Flora, F. Storia della letteratura italiana [9th ed.], vol. 5. [Milan, 1957.]
Petrucciani, M. La poetica dell’ermetismo italiano. Turin [1955].
Ramat, S. L’ermetismo. Florence, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
This doctrinal amalgam of Christianity and Hermetism was further developed in the late sixteenth century by the French Catholic bishop Francois Foix-Candale during the wars of religion, but ultimately Catholic Protestant enmity brought about the decline of religious interest in the Corpus Hermeticum.
in Hermetism and Gnosticism, from which Christianity had to distance itself in due course as well.
She analyzes the work of the title scholars in astrology and magic whether their emphasis was definition and characterization of natural magic, humanist views of hermetism and witchcraft, or pseudepigraphy and prophecies, with a long glance at forgeries, and then considers Agrippa as a critical magus and an element in the radical arm of the Reformation, closing with a very interesting examination of Giordano Bruno as a reader and dealer of prohibited ideas.
As a result, the set of philosophical and magical beliefs known as hermetism enjoyed great popularity in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, particularly among humanists such as Ficino, Giordano Bruno, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.
57) Lopes many affirmations on dramatic art seem to confirm this image of him as someone who knew and understood the classical norms of poetic composition, but deliberately discarded them because of their anachronistic and elitist hermetism as well as on the grounds of their fundamental restriction of the unfolding of natural poetic genius: "And when I have to write a comedia, / I lock the box of precepts with six keys.
major poetic movements at the rime was that of hermetism, which as the
Thanks to this chance encounter, our scholarly understanding of Renaissance hermetism has taken a decidedly positive shift.
As a strong believer in hermetism, Duncan emphasized the unconscious dynamisms operating in the poet's mind during the process of composition, and the poet's intuitive capacities to let himself drift in the right directions.
Hermetism, a system of ideas based on Hermetic teachings, was the strongest trend that transmitted the Hellenistic, what Jabiri calles al-aql al-mustaqeel, or resigned or submissive reason, into Arabic culture, in particular in the form of Sufism.
Nilssoni maaratluse jargi on hermetism koguni uks gnoosise ham (Nilsson, M.
Gillespie's most sustained discussions of Mann focus on the theme of "Educational Experiment" and on the intersection of "syncretic Hermetism and literary humorism" in Mann's psychologically pregnant texts (199).
Although these free-verse texts distinguish themselves by metaphors of unique beauty and poetic persuasion, they often show tendencies toward a certain hermetism.