Hernández, José

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Hernández, José

(hōsā` ārnän`dĕs), 1834–86, Argentine poet, journalist, and soldier. Hernández lived in the pampas as a child. He was the author of the national classic of gaucho literature, Martín Fierro (1872), and its sequel, La vuelta de Martín Fierro [the return of Martin Fierro] (1879, tr. 1936, 1948). The poem, written in colorful dialect, recounts the adventures of a wandering soldier-minstrel and glorifies the vanishing free life of the gauchogaucho
, cowboy of the Argentine and Uruguayan pampas (grasslands). The typical gaucho, a familiar figure in the 18th and 19th cent., was a daring, skillful horseman and plainsman.
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 in the solitude of the Pampa.

Hernández, José

 

Born Nov. 10, 1834, in Pueyrredón, Buenos Aires Province; died Oct. 21, 1886, in Buenos Aires. Argentine poet, journalist, and political figure.

Hernández was a member of Parliament and a senator during the 1880’s. He used themes and techniques from folklore to create his epic poem Martín Fierro (part 1, 1872; Russian translation, 1965; part 2, 1879; Russian translation, 1972). A story of a freedom-loving gaucho who fell victim to social injustice, it is considered the greatest achievement of gaucho literature and of the entire corpus of Argentine realistic literature of the 19th century. Hernàndez’ other works include The Life of El Chacho (1875), which is a fictionalized biography of A. Peñaloza, a federalist leader, and the treatise The Education of a Landowner (1881).

REFERENCES

Khudozhestvennoe svoeobrazie literatur Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1976. (See Index.)
Martinez Estrada, E. Muerte y transfiguratión de Martén Fierro, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Mexico City-Buenos Aires [1958].
Lozada Guido, A. Martín Fierro: Gaucho-héroemito. [Buenos Aires, 1967.]
Jitrik, N. José Hernández. [Buenos Aires, 1971.]
Gammalsson, H. E. José Hernández: Ubicación, histórica, trayectoria, motivaciones ideologicas. [Buenos Aires, 1972.]
Villanueve, A. Crítica y pico: El sentido esencial del Martín Fierro. [Buenos Aires, 1972.]
References in periodicals archive ?
From Los Navegantes de Magallanes: Pedro Hernandez, Jose Mijares, Ronny Cedeno, Mario Lisson and Abel Nieves.
Authors represented include Elsa Cross, Francisco Hernandez, Jose Luis Rivas, Alberto Blanco, and many more.
Mayweather, in world-title fights, has defeated Diego Corrales, Chicanito Hernandez, Jose Luis Castillo twice, Jesus Chavez, Phillip N'Dou, Manfredy and Carlos ``Famous'' Hernandez.
SQUAD: Backs - Diego Albanese, Lisandro Arbizu (captain), Felipe Contepomi, Manuel Contepomi, Ignacio Corleto, Juan de la Cruz Fernandez Miranda, Nicolas Fernandez Miranda, Juan Martin Hernandez, Jose Maria Nunez Piossek, Jose Orengo, Agustin Pichot, Gonzalo Quesada, Hernan Senillosa; Forwards - Patricio Albacete, Rimas Alvarez, Pablo Bouza, Martin Durand, Ignacio Fernandez Lobbe, Roberto Grau, Omar Hasan, Mario Ledesma, Gonzalo Longo, Rolando Martin, Federico Mendez, Lucas Ostiglia, Santiago Phelan, Mauricio Reggiardo, Rodrigo Roncero, Martin Scelzo, Pedro Sporleder.
GOALKEEPERS : Noel Valladares, Donis Escober, Kevin Hernandez, Jose Mendoza
Lima time: The Dodgers officially completed their roster before Monday's game when they purchased the contracts of minor-league invitees Jose Hernandez, Jose Lima and Olmedo Saenz.
However, deals for Luis Hernandez, Jose Manuel Abundis and Franicisco Palencia have apparently fallen through.
The two men arrested with Hernandez, Jose Gallarda and Jess Ramirez, will be arraigned Sept.