Hero of Socialist Labor(redirected from Hero of Socialist Labour)
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Hero of Socialist Labor
an honorific title in the USSR; the highest degree of recognition for exceptional achievement in economic and cultural construction. It was established by a ukase of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on Dec. 27, 1938 (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR, 1938, no. 23). It is conferred by the Presidium on persons whose especially outstanding work of innovation in industry, agriculture, transport, trade, scientific discovery, or technical invention has helped to advance the national economy, culture, or science or to increase the might and glory of the USSR.
The Hero of Socialist Labor receives the highest award in the USSR, the Order of Lenin, and is granted a certificate by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. As a special distinction for those citizens bearing the title Hero of Socialist Labor, the gold Hammer and Sickle Medal was authorized by a ukase of the Presidium on May 22, 1940 (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR, 1940, no. 14). The medal is presented simultaneously with the Order of Lenin and the certificate of the Presidium.
A Hero of Socialist Labor who achieves further outstanding successes is awarded a second Hammer and Sickle Medal. To commemorate the creative achievements of a two-time Hero of Socialist Labor, a bronze bust is erected in the Hero’s native locality.
As of Sept. 1, 1971, the title Hero of Socialist Labor has been conferred upon 16,245 persons, including 4,497 women. The Hammer and Sickle Medal had been awarded two or more times to 105 persons (24 of them women). The title may be retracted only by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.