Duke

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Duke

 

among ancient Germanic peoples, a duke (Herzog) was the elected military leader of a tribe (Latin dux). In Western Europe during the early medieval period, duke meant a tribal prince; during the period of feudal fragmentation, the title signified a major landholder (in the hierarchy of military vassalage, the duke occupied the second most important place after the king). After feudal fragmentation was overcome, duke was one of the highest titles of nobility.

References in periodicals archive ?
De Hertog SA, Wensveen CA, Bastiaens MT, Kielich CJ, Berkhout MJ, Westendorp RG, et al.
Den Hertog is tapping into the trend with a new premium product: Den Hertog ice cream with three liqueur A-brands.
Jan Hertog Grand Prestige Zwaar Bier (10% abv) A big, fruity, strong ale in the style of a barley wine, overflowing with caramel, liquorice and toffee apple flavours.
NEW YORK -- The New-York Historical Society's Board of Trustees elected Roger Hertog, Vice Chairman emeritus at AllianceBernstein, to the position of Chairman of the Board, effective January 22, 2007.
President: Maureen Hertog, PharmD, Novartis Singapore Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Pte Ltd
12) I thank my friend Steffen Hertog for this particular insight.
The lead investors were joined by the Gaylord family's GFI Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Oklahoma Publishing Company, as well as Roger Hertog, chairman of The New Republic, founding investor of The New York Sun, and vice chairman and director at Alliance Capital Management.
On September 10, she will officially succeed Roger Hertog, who served as Board Chair for seven years and will now become Chair of New-York Historical's Executive Committee.
37) Ibrahim, "Anatomy of Egypt's Militant Islamic Groups;" Diego Gambetta and Steffen Hertog, "Engineers of Jihad," paper presented at a workshop at the Peace Research Institute in Oslo, August 10, 2006.
Steffen Hertog assesses the impact on economic reform of "clientelism" in both the public and private sectors.
Within the scooping ice segment innovations such as Hertog Light and Hertog Hoogstandjes ensured that Hertog's market share remained stable in volume terms.
Additional sponsorship was provided by Bloomberg News, Beth and Ravenel Curry, the Franklin Center for Government and Public Policy, Heritage Foundation Center for Media and Public Policy, Roger and Susan Hertog, Pamela Hoiles, Charles Kadlec, Legatum Institute, James Lyle, Gerry Ohrstrom, Daniel Oliver, James Piereson, Joseph and Diane Steinberg, Judy and Michael Steinhardt, Strategas Research Partners, the Alice M.