Born July 23, 1879, in Celle; died Jan. 21, 1948, in Basel. German archaeologist, philologist, and Iranian scholar.
From 1918 to 1935, Herzfeld was a professor of Eastern archaeology at the University of Berlin, and beginning in 1936, at Princeton University in the USA. He published works on ancient Eastern, primarily Iranian, cultures, writings, and architecture. He conducted excavations at Samarra (1911–13), Persepolis (1931–34), and other sites.
WORKSArchäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, vols. 1–9. Berlin, 1929–38.
Zoroaster and His World, vols. 1–2. Princeton, N.J., 1947.