Hotan

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Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Description : The project will address urban development issues in several areas of Hetian City, located in the southernmost part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR).
This cross-sectional, population-based study was performed in Hetian Prefecture of Xinjiang Province in September 2006.
Local health staff organized by the Hetian Maternal & Child Health Hospital traveled throughout the village to recruit women who satisfied the aforementioned criteria and explained the benefits and potential risks of the study.
In this study, we investigated the prevalence of HPV infection in Hetian Prefecture in Xinjiang, China, and established risk factors associated with infection with HR-HPV genotypes.
In images such as Two Miners, Datong, Shanxi Province, 1996, or Xinjiang Girl Working in a Textile Factory, Hetian, Xinjiang Province, 1996, labor is sordidly, hauntingly personified, while in Two Rich Men on New Year's Eve, Beijing, 1999, and A Chinese Girl with a Foreign Friend, Beijing, 1996, its effects are likewise sharply drawn.
There is reason to believe that the Yuezhi were instrumental in bringing the famous jade stones of the distant Hetian oasis in central Asia to dynastic China.
Source of Funding / Amount:TA: Xinjiang Hetian Comprehensive Urban Development and Environmental ImprovementTechnical Assistance Special FundUS$ 750,000.
Description : Hetian city, located in the southernmost part of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) is a growing (the city's 2015 population of 331,400 exceeds planning estimates) ethnic (87% Uygur) city, whose urban infrastructure and services are struggling to keep up with population growth.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy : Hetian city is home to most of the prefecture's poor.
The northwest of China is one of the main areas of sheep breeding in the country, and has abundant breed resources such as Kazak, Aletai, Hetian, and Bayinbuluke sheep.
2007) who estimated the genetic distances in Qira black, Hetian and Karaku sheep breeds, Chen et al.
They were Chinese Merino sheep (CMC), Kazak (KAZ), Aletai (ALT), Bashibai (BSB), Duolang (DUL), Qira black (QIB), Bayinbuluke (BYB) and Hetian (HET).