Hotan

(redirected from Hetian)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Hetian: hessian

Hotan

(hô`tän`) or

Khotan

(kō`tän`), city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit. Silk and cotton textiles and carpets are manufactured, and jewelry is made from the great quantity of jade in the area. Hotan is connected by road with Kashi (Kashgar) and Ürümqi (Urumchi).

On the southern part of the Silk Road, Hotan was an early center for the spread of Buddhism from India into China. It fell to the Arabs in the 8th cent., and grew wealthy on the proceeds of the caravan trade that traveled the route between China and the West. Its prosperity ended with the conquest of Hotan by Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
..... Click the link for more information.
. After many political changes the region became (1878) permanently part of China. The city was the site of a Uigur uprising in 1954.

Hotan

, Hotien, Ho-t'ien
1. an oasis in W China, in the Taklimakan Shamo desert of central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, around the seasonal Hotan River
2. the chief town of this oasis, situated at the foot of the Kunlun Mountains. Pop.: 71 600 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
2007) who estimated the genetic distances in Qira black, Hetian and Karaku sheep breeds, Chen et al.
They were Chinese Merino sheep (CMC), Kazak (KAZ), Aletai (ALT), Bashibai (BSB), Duolang (DUL), Qira black (QIB), Bayinbuluke (BYB) and Hetian (HET).
Pocha HETIAN, China--On a recent Friday, the holy day of Islam, crowds swelled inside the antique Jame mosque, the largest in this ancient town in Xinjiang Province in the far west of China, home to the nation's small but restive Muslim minority.
In Hetian, a city in Xinjiang, 32 chickens died of suspicious causes on Monday, it said.
In images such as Two Miners, Datong, Shanxi Province, 1996, or Xinjiang Girl Working in a Textile Factory, Hetian, Xinjiang Province, 1996, labor is sordidly, hauntingly personified, while in Two Rich Men on New Year's Eve, Beijing, 1999, and A Chinese Girl with a Foreign Friend, Beijing, 1996, its effects are likewise sharply drawn.
There is reason to believe that the Yuezhi were instrumental in bringing the famous jade stones of the distant Hetian oasis in central Asia to dynastic China.
Shanghai Hetianlu, Shanghai Hetian Road Primary School - Beijing, China