Johannes Hevelius

(redirected from Hevelius)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Hevelius, Johannes

 

(also Hewel or Höwelcke). Born Jan. 28, 1611, in Gdańsk; died there Jan. 28, 1687. Polish astronomer-observer and founder of selenography.

Hevelius built an observatory in Gdansk. He published the first accurate, detailed, and artistically executed maps of the moon (in Selenography or the Description of the Moon [1647], he named many features of the moon’s surface). He also discovered the moon’s optical libration (1647), the phases of Mercury, and four comets and made the first accurate measurement of the sun’s period of rotation. Hevelius constructed sextants, quadrants without optics (for accurate measurements), and refractors (up to 70 m, “aerial tubes” for observations). He compiled (1687) a catalog of 1,564 stars that was more accurate than that of Tycho Brahe and delineated 11 new constellations. In The Celestial Machine (1673) he described his observatory.

WORKS

Atlas zvezdnogo neba. Edited by V. P. Shcheglov. Tashkent, 1968.

REFERENCES

Seleshnikov, S. I. Astronomiia i kosmonavtika. Kiev, 1967.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966. Pages 110-14.

A. I. EREMEEVA

References in classic literature ?
After him Hevelius, an astronomer of Dantzic, reduced the highest elevations to 15,000 feet; but the calculations of Riccioli brought them up again to 21,000 feet.
Neither Hevelius, Cassin, La Hire, nor Herschel seemed to have known them.
johannes hevelius 12 in olsztyn university of warmia and mazury in olsztyn.
Canes Venatici is a small northern constellation of faint stars that was created by Johannes Hevelius in the 17th century.
In the 17th century Johannes Hevelius produced one of the first detailed maps of what?
Lacerta was delineated by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius and published n his 1690 star atlas.
Amassed by a New England scientist in the 1950s and 1960s, this collection contains works related to optics and astronomy, and features some truly rare examples: Galilei Galileo's Dialogo (lot 557, $15,000 to $17,000); the complete works of Tycho Brahe from 1610 (lot 532, $6,000 to $8,000); and an early star atlas by Johannes Hevelius (lot 573, $80,000 to $100,000) among them.
The seventeenth-century Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius would produce highly precise telescopic measurements of the apparent sizes of stars.
Today's event is less competitive and there are question marks over several rivals, including Hevelius, who has not run since a below-par effort at Cork in July, Volkis O'Blue, having his first outing in five months, and Mackey Boy, twice pulled up since a Limerick maiden win last winter.
The dark surface of Plato had long been the focus of selenographers' attention since Hevelius brought his telescope to bear on the lunar surface and christened the feature the 'Greater black lake'.
Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) named the constellation Scutum Sobieski, "the Shield", in 1683 to celebrate King John Sobieski of Poland, who successfully defended his country against the Otoman Empire.
Lalande also described how Galileo and Johannes Hevelius viewed the Sun as a fluid: "Galileo, who was in no manner attached to the system of incorruptibility of the heavens, thought that Sun spots were a type of smoke, clouds, or sea foam that forms on the surface of the Sun, and which swim on an ocean of subtle and fluid material" [98, p.