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(organic chemistry)
C6H14 Water-insoluble, toxic, flammable, colorless liquid with faint aroma; forms include: n-hexane, a straight-chain compound boiling at 68.7°C and used as a solvent, paint diluent, alcohol denaturant, and polymerization-reaction medium; isohexane, a mixture of hexane isomers boiling at 54-61°C and used as a solvent and freezing-point depressant; and neohexane.



(n-hexane), the saturated hydrocarbon C6H14; a colorless liquid. Boiling point, 69°C; density, 0.660 g/cm3 (20°C); refractive index (Hexane), 1.37506.

In view of its low octane number (25), hexane is an undesirable constituent of synthetic gasoline. Hexane is present in considerable quantities in straight-run gasoline and in the cracking distillates of petroleum. Under the conditions of petroleum product aromatization and catalytic reforming, hexane is dehydrocyclized to benzene. The hexane isomers 2,2-dimethylbutane and 2,3-dimethylbutane (diisopropyl) are additives improving the quality of motor fuels.

References in periodicals archive ?
This study was carried out to evaluate the larvicidal efficacy of the aqueous and hexane extracts of the dried fruit of S.
The hexane and ethyl acetate fractions from the partitioning of the leaf ethanolic extract and the dichloromethane and hexane fractions from the partitioning of the branch ethanolic extract of A.
During hexane isopropanol extractions (Schfifer 1998), the sample was added to 120 mL hexane-iPrOH 3:2 and homogenized for 3 rain.
The results of the phytochemical screening of hexane and ethanol extracts of the tuber of Anchomanes difformis in table 1 showed that both the hexane and ethanol extracts do not contain saponins, resins, terpenoids, phenols, balsam, anthracene and anthraquinone.
Hexane is a low cost solvent and widely used by companies to extract DHA & EPA from algal oils.
After this, 40 g of EEPC were dissolved in 95% ethanol mixed with silica gel (Merck[R]) and fractionated with hexane by percolation with the solvent.
In the case of hexane extract the hexane extraction residue is subtracted from the sum of pyrolysis products (without gas), benzene extract is calculated subtracting the benzene extraction residue from the hexane extraction residue.
Thujopsene, [alpha]-cedrene, cedrol, methanol, hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate were purchased from Sigma Aldrich Chemical (St.
The essential oil and various leaf extracts of methanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform and hexane exhibited promising antibacterial benefits against B.
The hexane phase was rotary evaporated and redissolved in distilled water to prepare the hexane extract.
The oils added to the polymer casting solution were hexane (HPLC, gradient grade, [greater than or equal to]99.
Extraction efficiency was determined using three solvents methanol, acetone, and hexane in duplicates.