Heywood, John(hā`wo͝od), 1497?–1580?, English dramatist. He was employed at the courts of Henry VIII and Mary I as a singer, musician, and playwright. At the accession of Elizabeth I in 1564 Heywood, who was a Roman Catholic, fled to Belgium, where he stayed for the rest of his life. Important in the development of English comedy, Heywood was the most famous writer of the interlude, a short comic dialogue. Chief among his interludes are The Play of the Weather (1533) and The Four P's (c.1543). His other works include epigrams, proverbs, and ballads.
See his works (ed. by B. A. Milligan, 1956).
Born circa 1497, in London; died circa 1580, in Belgium. English dramatist. Friend of T. More.
By individualizing the characters of the heroes of his interludes, Heywood played a significant role in transforming the medieval morality play into realistic comedy. His short comic sketch, The Four P’s, was published in 1569. Heywood also left a collection of epigrams and proverbs, published in 1562.
WORKSThe Dramatic Writings. London, 1905.
REFERENCESIstoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 1. Moscow, 1956.
Maxwell, I. French Farce and John Heywood. Melbourne-London, 1946.