Hideki Tojo


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Related to Hideki Tojo: Emperor Hirohito

Tojo, Hideki

(hēdā`kē tō`jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

Bibliography

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Koga, a former secretary general of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, was referring to the separate enshrinement of Class-A war criminals, including wartime Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, who were sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.
Hideki Tojo who is also enshrined, said it was understandable and not surprising that Emperor Hirohito expressed strong displeasure.
These countries have criticized visits to the shrine by Japanese prime ministers after Yasukuni began in October 1978 honoring Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and 13 other Class-A war criminals along with the war dead.
Hideki Tojo gave orders in a secret document that Yasukuni Shrine should honor only military personnel and civilian military employees killed in battle, according to the document made available Saturday.
Hideki Tojo, who was convicted as a Class-A war criminal and hanged.
Hideki Tojo, former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Koki Hirota and former Imperial Army Gen.
In October 1978, Yasukuni Shrine enshrined the 14 Class-A war criminals, including former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, as ''Showa martyrs.
In 1978, Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo added 14 Class-A war criminals, including Hideki Tojo, the wartime prime minister, to the roster of war dead enshrined there.
Hideki Tojo, have been enshrined at Yasukuni since 1978.
Okada said he based his decision on the fact that Yasukuni enshrines former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and other Class-A war criminals.
Fourteen of the accused, including seven put to death by hanging -- wartime Prime Minister Hideki Tojo included--are enshrined among the war dead at Yasukuni Shrine.