Hideki Tojo


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Related to Hideki Tojo: Emperor Hirohito

Tojo, Hideki

(hēdā`kē tō`jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

Bibliography

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
I could not make out Hideki Tojo, but I knew he was there.
HIDEKI TOJO HAD RISEN to political prominence during the late 1930s, his rise and fall from power intimately tied to Japan's.
Noda thinks that Class-A war criminals, including wartime Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, should not be regarded as war criminals.
September 8 As US military police encircle his Tokyo home, former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo attempts suicide by gunshots to the chest.
He has the view that wartime leaders designated as Class-A war criminals including the prime minister, Hideki Tojo, should not be regarded as war criminals.
Among them is wartime Prime Minister Hideki Tojo (1884-1948) who was hanged after being convicted as a war criminal at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.
October 16 In an ominous development in Tokyo, Hideki Tojo takes over as prime minister of Japan.
Hideki Tojo and six others who were sentenced to death and hanged.
When they arrive to arrest former Premier Hideki Tojo in his home, he attempts suicide.
Hideki Tojo was critical of Japan's acceptance of the 1945 Potsdam Declaration that urged the country to surrender to the Allies unconditionally to end World War II in the Pacific theater, his private notes, recently found at the National Archives of Japan, showed.
Hideki Tojo who is also enshrined, said it was understandable and not surprising that Emperor Hirohito expressed strong displeasure.
These countries have criticized visits to the shrine by Japanese prime ministers after Yasukuni began in October 1978 honoring Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and 13 other Class-A war criminals along with the war dead.