hierarchy

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Related to Hierachy: hierarchy, Hierarchy of needs

hierarchy:

see ministryministry,
in religion, term used to designate the clergy of Protestant churches, particularly those who repudiate the claims of apostolic succession. The ceremony by which the candidate receives the office of a minister is called ordination.
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 and orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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.

Hierarchy

An arrangement or system of ranking one above the other or arranged in a graded series or sequence such as size (large to small), shape (similar or dissimilar), and placement (emphasis or location).

Hierarchy

 

the ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest.

The term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by Pseudo-Dionysius in his treatises The Celestial Hierarchy and The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Until the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the Christian church. The development of the conception of hierarchy in science began in the second half of the 19th century. In the social sciences, the conception of hierarchy was originally used to describe class-estate divisions in an antagonistic society (for example, feudal hierarchy) and to characterize the structure of authority, especially of bureaucracy. In contemporary bourgeois sociology, numerous research studies have been devoted to the hierarchy of prestige, the hierarchy of wealth, and the hierarchy of power and control as an expression of social stratification and of social inequality.

With the appearance of the general systems theory in the 20th century, the conception of hierarchy was applied to describe any system objects. Hierarchically organized forms exist in all spheres of objective reality: inorganic, biological, and social. In Marxist philosophy, the idea of the hierarchy of qualitatively irreducible structural levels of matter has been developed. In general organizational theory, hierarchy is seen as the principle of control that secures the effective functioning of the organization. The hierarchy of levels (tiers) of a language is distinguished in linguistics. In graph theory the hierarchically constructed graph (the so-called tree) is used.

L. A. SEDOV

hierarchy

1. Religion a body of persons in holy orders organized into graded ranks
2. Taxonomy a series of ordered groupings within a system, such as the arrangement of plants and animals into classes, orders, families, etc.
3. Linguistics Maths a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, with a single uppermost element
4. government by an organized priesthood

hierarchy

An organisation with few things, or one thing, at the top and with several things below each other thing. An inverted tree structure. Examples in computing include a directory hierarchy where each directory may contain files or other directories; a hierarchical network (see hierarchical routing), a class hierarchy in object-oriented programming.

hierarchy

A structure that has a predetermined ordering from high to low. For example, all files and folders on the hard disk are organized in a hierarchy (see Win Folder organization).
References in periodicals archive ?
But the Swans hierachy insist there will be no carve-up of the squad assembled by Martinez.
DOUGIE Brown will hold talks with Warwickshire on Monday about a possible role within the reshaped coaching hierachy at the club.
Waters has become the defining image of what the Glamorgan hierachy are trying to promote for the second half of a forgettable summer.
and you never know which members of the Chelsea hierachy you might accidentally run into if you check into one of those.
The Magic sign may regret offering Curbishley at 4-1 if he is the man the Liverpool hierachy want.
Ben's outburst, which shows him losing his cool with the Hollywood studio hierachy, can be seen in a TV six-parter, Project Greenlight, starting on Sky tomorrow night.
And although he gave value for money in his first season, the Goodison Park hierachy suspect that won't happen again next campaign.
And the Chronicle understands that names expected to come up in the discussions between Pardew and United's hierachy will be front men Bafetimbi Gomis and another long-term target Luuk De Jong.
Perhaps someone from the Liverpool hierachy could have a word in the current manager's ear and suggest he try playing his best team week in week out in their favoured positions.
Now the club's cricket hierachy of skipper Robert Croft, coach John Derrick, chairman Paul Russell and chief executive Mike Fatkin will discuss today the merits of replacing Elliott.
Megson infuriated the Hawthorns hierachy by making it known yesterday morning that he would not remain at the club once his contract expired at the end of the season.
Not even Michael Ballack, for so long the golden boy of German football, has been immune from criticism by the club's hierachy lately (the goalscoring midfielder was accused by general manager Uli Hoeness of being unable to run in Bayern's 1-0 defeat of city