Hieroglyphs


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Hieroglyphs

 

the most ancient pictorial symbols of Egyptian writing, used from the end of the fourth millennium B.C. (as distinct from the hieratic and demotic scripts). About 5,000 different Egyptian hieroglyphs are known, although no more than 700–800 were used in each era. Four types of Egyptian hieroglyphs are distinguished: (1) single-consonant signs (approximately 30), which represented the consonants of the Egyptian language; (2) two-consonant and three-consonant signs for the phonetic representation of morphemes; (3) ideograms for the representation of entire words; and (4) determinatives, un-pronounced auxiliary ideographic symbols indicating word meanings more precisely.

The term “hieroglyph” is also used with respect to the symbols of other writing systems. Thus, the characters of ancient (2000 B.C. ) and modern Chinese writing and the symbols of the noncuneiform pictorial variety of Hittite writing (2000–1000 B.C.) are usually called hieroglyphs.

REFERENCES

Istrin, V. A. Vozniknovenie i razvitie pis’ma. Moscow, 1965.
Diringer, D. Alfavit. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Champollion, J. F. O egipetskom ieroglificheskom alfavite. Moscow, 1950. (Translated from French.)
Gelb, I. J. A Study of Writing: The Foundations of Grammatology. London, 1952.
Jensen, H. Die Schrift in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1958.

T. V. MISHINA


Hieroglyphs

 

in geology, randomly curved ridges, furrows, and other forms of imprints on the bedding surfaces of some rocks, usually fine-grained ones (for example, in flysch). They are often molds with the irregularities of the surface of that layer on which the next younger bed was deposited (negative hieroglyphs). Such hieroglyphs may occur through filling up small depressions (furrows) formed by streams (sinter hieroglyphs) or when water currents drag various objects along the bottom.

References in periodicals archive ?
But it was a French scholar who, in 1822, made the intuitive leap that both the Demotic (an ancient Egyptian legal language) and the hieroglyphs (familiar from the walls of temples and pyramids, but not hitherto deciphered) used the same phonetic basis for writing language.
The scripts are early demotic and what has been termed abnormal hieratic, a shorthand form of the cursive hieratic derived from hieroglyphs, which are illustrated in the book.
Two letters from Champollion held in the archives of the Natural History Society of Northumbria in the Great North Museum show that the region provided Egyptian inscriptions to Champollion which were vital to his developing understanding of hieroglyphs .
If, as a child, you learned to write out your name in hieroglyphs, you learned only a few of the hundreds of hieroglyphs available to the ancient Egyptians.
The council will discuss the matter with Abdel Halim Nour Al-Din, hieroglyphs professor at Cairo University, who was referenced by Abdul Aziz when he chose Aug.
As he decodes hieroglyphs, O'Neill comes to the realisation that there could be a vast network of Stargates, each leading to different alien worlds.
As he decodes ancient hieroglyphs, O'Neill comes to the shocking realisation that there could be a vast network of Stargates, each leading to different alien worlds across the galaxy.
The smaller books deal with hieroglyphs, the story of Osiris, the gods and people of ancient Egypt, making mummies and a comprehensive small reference to 'everything you wanted to know about Ancient Egypt'.
Breaking the Maya Code: The 200-Year Quest to Decipher the Hieroglyphs of the Ancient Maya is a DVD documentary about the scientific and linguistic quest to rediscover the literary heritage of an entire civilization.
New computer recreations of monuments and structures just as they'd have looked in their own time are presented alongside color photos of the site today for added impact, while discussions invite readers to participate in learning how to decode hieroglyphs, understand the myths and gods of ancient Egypt, and more.
less than 130 pages, deal with grammar, while the rest of the book is devoted to lengthy discussions of hieroglyphs and their use.
They'll also get to write their name in hieroglyphs, draw like an Egyptian and build and decorate their own mini pyramid.