Hieronymus Bosch

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Bosch, Hieronymus,


Jerom Bos

(hērôn`ĭməs, yā`rôm bôs), c.1450–1516, Flemish painter. His surname was originally van Aeken; Bosch refers to 's-Hertogenbosch (popularly called Den Bosch), where he was born and worked. Little is known of his life and training, although it is clear that he belonged to a family of painters. His paintings are executed in brilliant colors and with an uncanny mastery of detail, filled with strangely animated objects, bizarre plants and animals, and monstrous, amusing, or diabolical figures believed to have been suggested by folk legends, allegorical poems, moralizing religious literature, and aspects of late Gothic art. Such works as the Garden of Earthly Delights (Prado) appear to be intricate allegories; their symbolism, however, is obscure and has consistently defied unified interpretation. Bosch clearly had an interest in the grotesque, the diabolical, the exuberant, and the macabre. He also may have been the first European painter to depict scenes of everyday life, although often with a strong element of the bizarre.

The Temptation of St. Anthony and The Last Judgment were recurring themes; versions of the Adoration of the Magi are in the Metropolitan Museum and in the Philadelphia Museum, which also has the Mocking of Christ. He had many imitators and signed only seven of his paintings, and scholars have attributed over the years fewer and fewer of the works originally thought to be his to him. By the beginning of the 21st cent., only 25 to 30 paintings and some 20 drawings were definitively ascribed to Bosch. He deeply influenced the work of Peter BruegelBruegel,
or Breughel
, outstanding family of Flemish genre and landscape painters. The foremost, Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 the Elder, and in the 20th cent. was hailed as a forerunner of the surrealists; his work continues to be influential.


See his paintings, ed. by G. Martin (1966, repr. 1971); biographies by W. Fraenger (1983), W. S. Gibson (1985), and G. Schwartz (2016); studies by J. Snyder, ed. (1973) and G. Schwartz (1997).

Bosch, Hieronymus


(pseudonym of Hieronymus van Aeken). Born circa 1450–60 in s’Hertogenbosch; died there in 1516. Dutch painter.

Bosch painted religious, allegorical, and genre subjects —The Temptation of Saint Anthony, in the National Museum of Ancient Art, Lisbon; The Head Operation and the triptychs the Haywain, the Garden of Earthly Delights, and the Adoration of the Magi, in the Prado, Madrid; the Ship of Fools, in the Louvre, Paris; and The Prodigal Son, in the Boymans-van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam. Bosch’s art, which developed at a turning point in the history of Dutch painting, is complex and contradictory. It is characterized by a bold widening of the range of themes and objects which were of unusual character and frequently fantastic quality. Bosch combined a highly developed medieval sense of fantasy and somber, demonic images with popular satirical and moralistic tendencies. The sources of his art were popular proverbs, sayings, parables, and superstitions. Bosch’s innovative trends, the vividness of his folk types and scenes of everyday life, and the striking freshness and vitality of his landscape backgrounds paved the way for the development of Dutch genre and landscape painting.


Tolnay, K. Hieronimus Bosch. Baden-Baden, 1965.

Bosch, Hieronymus

(c. 1450–1516) paintings contain grotesque representations of evil and temptation. [Art Hist.: Osborne, 149]
See: Horror
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise in public health, where an endless supply of unseen creatures, as monstrous and horrific as any found in science fiction, the art of Hieronymus Bosch, or Jim Barsness' imagination, await the opportunity to wreak havoc.
Like Death Wish crossed with an omnibus edition of The Bill, Brown's Broken Britain resembles a scene from a Hieronymus Bosch painting where everyone's wearing trackie bottoms, and septuagenarians dishing out hot leaded justice are decent society's only hope.
At the book's very end Ungerer examines black figures in several paintings of the Dutch painter Hieronymus Bosch to show what Ungerer believes is the painter's progressive view of black people.
Henry Miller spent eighteen years (1944-1962) living in Big Sur while turning out some of his finest work, including The Rosy Crucifixion, a three-volume epic about his life with his second wife, June; and Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch, the story of his life in the region.
A musical, historical and art historical discussion accompanies color images of works by Anthony van Dyck, Hieronymus Bosch, Gustav Klimt, Francisco Goya, Marc Chagall, Man Ray, Edouard Manet, Henri Rousseau and others.
Painters like Hieronymus Bosch and Vincent van Gogh, international designers like Victor & Rolf or Marlies Dekkers or the bulb, the CD and the blue-tooth technology of Philips.
She continues this discussion in the succeeding chapters, which take up themes that include the fool as a mirror of society, the fools' journey, the triumph of Dame Folly, the fool and death, and The wayfarer by Hieronymus Bosch.
The void in the larger paintings is a very important dynamic space because it gives more of an opportunity for chance to plays its part," says Acloque, who is influenced by Netherlandish painters Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Brueghel, as well as Victorian fairy paintings.
It is likely that they took some important cues from their countrymen Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Brueghel.
John Dee; Middle English verse treatises in early modern manuscripts; physical chemistry and theo-chemistry in the works of Heinrich Khunrath (1560-1605); and the Cure of Folly by Hieronymus Bosch.
The north wall to the left of the window is filled with two large framed reproductions of Hieronymus Bosch triptychs: the Lisbon "Temptation of Saint Anthony" and "The Garden of Earthly Delights.
He elided institutions, invoked Hieronymus Bosch and Salvador Dali, and best of all, he tapped running as the purest of all sports.