Higgs boson

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Related to Higgs: Higgs boson, Higgs field, Higgs particle

Higgs boson:

see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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Higgs boson

An elementary scalar particle in the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam theory of electromagnetic and weak interactions. At present, there is no direct experimental evidence for its existence. It is closely associated with the origin of mass for all known elementary particles, as described in the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam theory. This gives the Higgs boson distinctive properties which shape the search for it. See Electroweak interaction, Standard model

The mass of the Higgs boson is uncertain theoretically, being determined by the parameters of the scalar self-interactions. It is strongly suspected, however, that the Higgs mass is between about 114 and 200 GeV/c2 (where c is the speed of light).

The fact that the Higgs particle is closely related to the origin of mass endows it with special properties crucial in its production and detection. The illustration shows how the decay pattern of a standard-model Higgs boson depends on its mass.

Dependence of the decay probabilities of a standard-model Higgs boson on its massenlarge picture
Dependence of the decay probabilities of a standard-model Higgs boson on its mass

The first extensive searches for the Higgs boson were carried out at the Large Electron Positron Storage Ring (LEP) and Stanford Linear Collider (SLC), e+e- machines with sufficient center-of-mass energy to operate at the Z resonance. The LEP was subsequently upgraded, and there were signs that experiments at center-of-mass energies up to 208 GeV/c2 might be seeing the Higgs boson, but these were not sufficient to delay the machine's shutdown in November 2000 to make way for the construction of the Large Hardon Collider (LHC) in the same tunnel.

The next particle accelerators to extend the Higgs boson search will probably be hadron colliders (proton-proton or proton-antiproton), particularly the LHC. See Elementary particle, Particle accelerator

Higgs boson

The most elementary atomic particle discovered to date at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland. With 99.9% certainty, the Higgs is said to be the particle that gives all other particles mass. It is smaller than all other particles but also heavier in atomic weight. Considered the glue of the universe, the Higgs is an invisible energy field that fills space.

The Higgs Is a Type of Boson
Named after Satyendra Nath Bose, a boson is a particle that shares quantum states and behaves collectively; for example, a photon is a boson. The Higgs is a type of boson that was postulated by three scientists in the 1960s: Peter Higgs, Francois Englert and Tom Kibble, all of whom were present in Geneva in 2012 when the discovery was officially announced. See quantum state and particle accelerator.

The God Particle
Higgs is also called the "God Particle" after Leon Lederman's book, written two decades before it was finally observed. The book takes you through 2,500 years of physics with a sense of humor and an uncanny way of really teaching the subject.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers say hints of new physics could come in the form of strange behavior of particles, a slightly peculiar Higgs or mysteriously disappearing energy.
Moreover, a model-independent analysis of possible new physics effects in Higgs-pair production will be provided, taking in particular into account constraints from single Higgs production.
Professor Peter Higgs with Coun Nick Forbes at the unveiling of a plaque in the new science park
The professor, after whom the Higgs boson is named due to his theory on the formation of matter, was on Tyneside yesterday to be handed the Freedom of the City.
Prof Higgs was thrust into the limelight after the elusive fundamental particle that bears his name was found by scientists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the huge atom-smashing machine built to probe the origins of the universe.
But all that is set to change with the free seven-week course, entitled The Discovery of the Higgs boson.
The "God particle,'' known in the physics world as the Higgs boson particle, was first theorized in 1964 by Peter Higgs, who was named the winner of the Nobel Prize for physics, along with Francois Englert.
Higgs, of the University of Edinburgh, and Englert, of the Universit Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium, will be honored for their work in predicting the existence - indeed, the necessity - of a subatomic particle.
Main, Dr Ronan McNulty, of the UCD School of Physics, at CERN travelling exhibition Mission Higgs.
The mechanism predicts a particle - the Higgs boson - which was discovered by a team from the European nuclear research facility (Cern) in Geneva, He hit upon the concept of a "God particle" during a walk in the Cairngorms national park in Scotland in 1964 when he started to consider the existence of a particle that gives matter its mass.
Their ideas were then confirmed with the discovery of the Higgs particle at the CERN Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, Switzerland.
British and Belgian scientists share 2013 award - Higgs boson explains how basic matter gains mass - 1964 prediction was confirmed at CERN last year Britain's Peter Higgs and Francois Englert of Belgium won the Nobel Prize for physics on Tuesday for predicting the existence of the Higgs boson particle that explains how elementary matter attained the mass to form stars and planets.