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severe acute respiratory syndrome,

communicable viral disease that can progress to a potentially fatal pneumonia. The first symptoms of SARS are usually a high fever, headache and body aches, sore throat, and mild respiratory symptoms; diarrhea may occur. A dry cough and shortness of breath typically develop two to seven days after the first symptoms, and in most persons pneumonia develops in a lobe of the lungs. In 10%–20% of all patients, the pneumonia spreads to other lobes, and death occurs in about 9% of all cases. The death rate is higher among older persons. There is no vaccine or treatment for the virus that causes the disease.

SARS is caused by a coronaviruscoronavirus,
any of a group (family Coronaviridae, subfamily Coronavirinae) of enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses that have a crownlike or sunlike appearance under an electron microscope due to the presence of spikes on their surface.
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, one of a group of viruses that are responsible for about one third of all cases of the common coldcold, common,
acute viral infection of the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, often involving the sinuses. The typical sore throat, sneezing, and fatigue may be accompanied by body aches, headache, low fever, and chills.
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. The variety that causes SARS had not been previously identified, and may have been transmitted to humans from civetscivet
or civet cat,
any of a large group of mostly nocturnal mammals of the Old World family Viverridae (civet family), which also includes the mongoose. Civets are not true cats, but the civet family is related to the cat family (Felidae).
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 or bats; some studies have suggested that bats were the ultimate source of the virus and civets were intermediate hosts. Infection with SARS mainly occurs when a person in close contact with someone who has the disease is exposed to exhaled droplets. The spread of the disease has been controlled by isolating infected patients and quarantining those exposed to them.

The disease apparently first occurred in Nov., 2002, in Foshan, Guangdong prov., China, but provincial authorities withheld information about it, and when it spread to Beijing local authorities there acted similarly. In Feb., 2003, the World Health Organization first noted reports of cases of atypical pneumonia from China, but Chinese officials did not begin cooperating fully with international experts until April. SARS subsequently spread to some 30 countries on five continents, and affected the economies of China, Hong Kong, and Toronto, where cases were the highest; Taiwan and Singapore were also hard hit. No new cases have been reported since 2004. The rapid international spread of the 2002–3 outbreak was facilitated by air travel and the lack of prompt, early information about SARS from Chinese officials.


See study by T. Abraham (2004).



an urban-type settlement in Oktiabr’skii Raion, Perm’ Oblast, RSFSR. It is located on the upper Sars River (Kama River basin), 7 km from the Chad railroad station on the Kazan-Sverdlovsk line. Sars has a woodworking plant.


severe acute respiratory syndrome; a severe viral infection of the lungs characterized by high fever, a dry cough, and breathing difficulties. It is contagious, having an airborne mode of transmission
References in periodicals archive ?
A few days later she had a high fever and went to the Aydyn State Hospital, where she was diagnosed with CCHF and died on the evening of May 15.
The virus affects membranes around the brain and usually causes mild symptoms, but can lead to high fever, brain damage, coma and death.
Wael wrote: "I want to assure all of my fans that I'm doing much better after being admitted to hospital because of a cold and high fever.
We have a protocol in place especially during the flu season to conduct PCR tests on patients with high fever, cold or chest infection to know if they have H1N1 or coronavirus.
Most common symptoms include severe headaches and high fever Normally it lasts between 3- 7 days.
Symptoms include high fever, severe pain of the joints, at times vomiting and in severe cases, it causes bleeding from nose or under the skin.
October 22 with high fever, high blood pressure, diabetes, lung damage, and
In a statement, the ministry said that the first patient was a woman in her 60s who was admitted into hospital on October 24 suffering from high fever, difficulty in breathing, and bronchitis.
Fehily, fourth in last season's championship table with 89 winners, underwent surgery, which was only partially successful, on May 5 for the removal of kidney stones, but he was readmitted to hospital a week later with a high fever when his kidneys became infected.
But Mellberg, aged 31, told Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet that he had almost missed the chance to play in his Villa swansong after contracting a high fever which has left him unable to take part in training all week.
Pavarotti was admitted to the hospital on August 8 because of a high fever.
BLUES guitar legend BB King was last night recovering in hospital after coming down with a high fever.