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(both: hĭjī`rə, hĕj`ərə) [Ar.,=Hijra=breaking off of relations], the departure of the prophet MuhammadMuhammad
[Arab.,=praised], 570?–632, the name of the Prophet of Islam, one of the great figures of history, b. Mecca. Early Life

Muhammad was the son of Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife Amina, both of the Hashim clan of the dominant Kuraish (Quraysh)
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 from Mecca in Sept., 622. Muhammad was a monotheist and preached against the polytheism of the Meccan religion. This aroused the hostility of the merchant leaders of his native city, who derived much of their wealth from pilgrimages to Mecca and its surrounding cities. Forced to flee from his enemies, Muhammad went to Yathrib (later renamed MedinaMedina
, Arabic Medinat an-Nabi [city of the Prophet] or Madinat Rasul Allah [city of the apostle of Allah], city (1993 pop. 608,226), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. It is situated c.
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), where he became ruler. The Muslim era is dated from the first day (July 16, 622, in the Western calendar) of the lunar year in which the Hegira took place, and the abbreviation A.H. is used with that year (A.H. 1) and subsequent years.



the emigration of Muhammad and his followers (muhajirun) from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina), which Muslim tradition dates at Sept. 8–21 (or 24), 622.

During the reign of the caliph Umar I (634–44), the year of the Hegira was proclaimed the first year in the Muslim era; hence, the Muslim era is also called the Hegira. Calendars of the lunar Hegira are used in many countries of the Near and Middle East and in certain other countries; calendars of the solar Hegira are used in Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, and elsewhere. When converted to the Gregorian system, the beginning of the lunar Hegira corresponds to July 16, 622, and that of the solar Hegira to Mar. 20–21, 622, the vernal equinox.

The Muslim lunar year contains 354 days, and the distribution of days by month in the Hegira calendars differs from the distribution in the Gregorian calendar (used virtually throughout the world), so that the translation of dates from the Hegira to the Gregorian system and vice versa requires special formulas and tables. For example, the year 1976 of the Gregorian calendar corresponds to 1396/1397 of the lunar Hegira and to 1355/1356 of the solar Hegira.


Tsybul’skii, V. V. Sovremennye kalendari stran Blizhnego i Srednego Vostoka: Sinkhronisticheskie tablitsy ipoiasneniia. Moscow, 1964.
Seleshnikov, S. I. Istoriia kalendaria i khronologiia. Moscow, 1970.

Hegira (Hijrah)

Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina (622). [Islamic Hist.: EB, V: 39–40]
See: Escape


, Hejira
1. the departure of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina in 622 ad; the starting point of the Muslim era
2. the Muslim era itself
References in periodicals archive ?
Al Hijra is one of the big and old neighborhoods that are characterized for its unique architecture.
Transgenders, also known as hijra, are often seen asking money and giving blessing at the traffic signals across the country.
What's not a myth is that most of the hijra community is poor and working class.
A historic town, Al Shohoom is witness to the progress of the civilisation with a number of forts and towers such as the ancient Rimi Fort, the juxtaposed towers Al Qisim and Al Ghoul, Al Najida Tower, Al Sabah Tower, Al Hijra Tower, and the two opposing towers of Al Ouqiba and Al Fowailiq Ibri: A number of towns and villages in the wilayat of Ibri in Al Dhahirah governorate are of interest to tourists because of their archaeological assets and beautiful landscapes.
I am perplexed at the way you explain how the Hijra calendar works.
Security source told NINA that SWAT force raided the house of Hijra Mosque's Imam and Preacher, Salam Selbi al-Fahdawi, taking him to a security center.
In remarks during the ceremony, Minister of Awqaf and Religious Affairs Hayel Dawood said Hijra, a celebration of the migration or journey of the Prophet Mohammad and his followers from Makkah to Madinah, does not refer to travelling long distances and abandoning homelands, but it is the salvation from self-desires and fully succumbing to God Almighty, rising above personal interests and putting the collective interest ahead of the individual interest.
Hassan said the Islamic Hijra calendar is based on lunar cycle and have 354 or 355 days in a year.
The Saudi Press Agency citing the royal order said the original three-month grace period, which ends on July 4, will be extended to the end of the current Hijra year 1434, equivalent to November 4, 2013.
Crowne Plaza Madinah is the fourth IHG hotel in the Holy Cities of Madinah and Makkah, alongside three InterContinental hotels: InterContinental Dar Al Iman, InterContinental Dar Al Hijra and InterContinental Dar Al Tawhid.
On the extremists' part, this is a deliberate strategy known as hijra (migration or flight) ' a reference to the hijra of the prophet Muhammad and his companions from Mecca to Medina to evade a murderous onslaught.
Stakeholders from government, media, policy bodies, the transgender and hijra community, and civil society came together on June 2nd for the first National Hijra Habba.