Himachal Pradesh


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Himachal Pradesh

(hĭmä`chəl prədāsh`), state (2001 provisional pop. 6,077,248), 21,629 sq mi (56,019 sq km), NW India, in the W Himalayas, bordered by the Tibet region of China on the east. ShimlaShimla
, formerly Simla,
town (1991 pop. 110,360), capital of Himachal Pradesh state, NW India. It is situated on a forested ridge (c.7,100 ft/2,165 m high) in the W Himalayas. Shimla is a summer resort and a large market for potatoes; an airport is nearby.
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 is the capital. The state is covered with forested mountains, and the valleys are extensively cultivated. The forests have supplied large quantities of timber and wood products, but severe deforestation has led to a tree-planting program and the cessation of live tree-cutting. The emphasis in recent years is toward the protection of watersheds for future hydroelectric development. Potatoes, wheat, and corn are grown, as are most of India's apples, peaches, and apricots. Salt is mined and handicrafts are made. Pahari-speaking Hindus inhabit the lower hill area; peoples of Tibetan origin live in the high mountain regions.

Himachal Pradesh was formed as a union territory in 1948 by the merger of 30 former Punjabi princely states. The small state of Bilaspur was merged with it in 1954. In 1966 five more districts and parts of two others from Punjab were added to the territory. Himachal Pradesh became a state in 1971. It is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected unicameral legislature and by a governor appointed by the president of India.

Himachal Pradesh

 

a state in northern India. Area, 55,600 sq km. Population, 3.6 million (1975). The administrative center is the city of Simla. The territory of Himachal Pradesh is dissected from northwest to southeast by ranges of the western Himalayas. From southwest to northeast run the Siwalik Range (700–1,000 m in elevation), the Dhaoladhar Range (4,000–5,000 m), the Great Himalayas, and the Zaskar Range, with individual peaks of 6,000–7,000 m. The upper courses of the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, and Chenab rivers flow through the state. The state’s vegetation includes coniferous and broad-leaved forests.

The primary occupation of the inhabitants of Himachal Pradesh is agriculture. In the river valleys, crops of wheat, corn, barley, rice, and potatoes are cultivated. Apples, peaches, apricots, nuts, and pomegranates are also grown, and medicinal herbs and plants are gathered. Rock salt is mined. Handicrafts in the state include the processing of hides and skins and the making of woolen yarn, shawls, and fabrics. The forest industry accounts for more than one-third of the state’s income. Rosin and turpentine are produced in Nahan and Bilaspur, and cement is made in Rajban. Simla is a mountain resort.

Himachal Pradesh

a state of N India, in the W Himalayas: rises to about 6700 m (22 000 ft.) and is densely forested. Capital: Simla. Pop.: 6 077 248 (2001). Area: 55 658 sq. km (21 707 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Himachal Pradesh is blessed with vast hydroelectric power potential in its five major river basins.
South Wales Police detectives travelled to India and worked with the Himachal Pradesh state police during the new investigation.
Born : October 24, 1974 in Himachal Pradesh aged 40As cricketer: Played for Himachal Pradesh as an off spinner in one Ranjit Trophy matchPolitical career: Three time Member of Parliament from Hamirpur constituencyBecame president of Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association aged 25Became youngest National selection committee member for Indian junior teams at 26.
3 overs, The Himachal Pradesh openers had 20 overs to bat and they went about their business cautiously.
What we have achieved in Himachal is a tribute to the collective leadership and the unity of the Congress Party in Himachal Pradesh," he told mediapersons outside the Parliament here.
Snowfall resulted in temperatures plummeting in the upper reaches of the area and hill stations in states like Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand .
11 ( ANI ): A large number of tourists enjoyed the second snowfall of the season in the hill town of Solang Nala in Himachal Pradesh, with the temperature plummeting in the upper reaches of the region.
Virbhadra Singh, 78, has been the Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister for five times.
In our group, Himachal Pradesh and Orissa were two teams against whom we needed to get points," he added.
The higher reaches of Himachal Pradesh have seen heavy snowfall over the last two days with some districts receiving up to 90 centimeters of snow.
The affidavit filed by the UPA government in the apex court recently that Himachal Pradesh is not entitled to 12 per cent free power from the Bhakra- Beas project highlights Centre's apathy," chief minister Prem Kumar Dhumal said.
Tenders are invited for Engagement Of Consultant For Preparation Of Techno Economic Feasibility Study Of Proposed Iwt Routes In Three Reservoirs Of Himachal Pradesh