Hincmar


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Hincmar

(hĭngk`mär), 806–82, Frankish canonist and theologian, archbishop of Reims (from 845). He was a supporter of Carolingian Emperor Louis ILouis I
or Louis the Pious,
Fr. Louis le Pieux or Louis le Débonnaire, 778–840, emperor of the West (814–40), son and successor of Charlemagne. He was crowned king of Aquitaine in 781 and co-emperor with his father in 813.
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 and a counselor of his son Charles IICharles II
or Charles the Bald,
823–77, emperor of the West (875–77) and king of the West Franks (843–77); son of Emperor Louis I by a second marriage.
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 (Charles the Bald). As a metropolitan he tried to depose the bishop of Soissons in 862 and brought on himself the censure of Pope St. Nicholas INicholas I, Saint,
c.825–867, pope (858–67), a Roman; successor of Benedict III. He was a vigorous and politically active pope who arbitrated both temporal and religious disputes.
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. Later (876), in a different contention, he upheld the rights of metropolitans. Hincmar vigorously opposed GottschalkGottschalk
or Gottschalck
, d. c.868, German theologian; son of the count of Saxony. He was placed as a boy in the monastery of Fulda (c.822). He did not wish to be a monk but was forced by Rabanus Maurus Magnentius, his superior, to remain.
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 and urged (850) ErigenaErigena, John Scotus
[Lat. Scotus=Irish, Erigena=born in Ireland], c.810–c.877, scholastic philosopher, born in Ireland. About 847 he was invited by Charles II, king of the West Franks (later Holy Roman emperor), to take charge of the court school at Paris.
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 to write on predestination. Dissatisfied with Erigena's tract, Hincmar wrote three treatises on the subject himself. He strongly opposed the divorce of LothairLothair,
sometimes called Lothair II,
d. 869, king of Lotharingia (855–69), second son of Emperor of the West Lothair I. He inherited the region bounded by the Rhine, Scheldt, Alps, and North Sea, which became known as Lotharingia (Lorraine).
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, king of Lotharingia, and he spent much of his time in defending the claims of Charles in various dynastic struggles, particularly against Louis the GermanLouis the German,
c.804–876, king of the East Franks (817–76). When his father, Emperor of the West Louis I, partitioned the empire in 817, Louis received Bavaria and adjacent territories.
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. Hincmar openly challenged the authenticity of portions of the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals [see False DecretalsFalse Decretals
, collection of documents, partly spurious, treating of canon law. It was composed between 847 and 852 probably in France, either at Reims or in the province of Tours (specifically at Le Mans), and composed by a man who called himself Isidore Mercator (hence the
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]. As a strong upholder of tradition, Hincmar defended the practice of public penance and initiated a reform in the French clerical life of the period.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hincmar of Rheims, Benedict of Anaiane, Cluny, the monastic explosion of the eleventh century, the Peace of God and Truce of God, the crusades, the movement toward hermitism, Romuald, the Cistercians, the Reform Papacy and Gregorian Reform (Leo IX, Humberto, Peter Damien, Hildebrand), the movement to communal life as canons at churches, are all discussed.
Early medieval penitentials clearly saw women's weaving as dangerous for its use in magic: Hincmar of Rheims considered "weaving skills and colored threads as part and parcel of the equipment [of] witches" (Flint 227), while Burchard of Worms issued a prohibition against women who incorporated spells into their weaving (Flint 238).
Desperately needing protection for Rome and the papacy from the barbaric Lombards, Hadrian II kept backing down before the demands of Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims and Emperor Louis II.
Faced with a request for his advice about a complex marital problem between two highly placed Carolingians, Hincmar was the first to define the sacramental role of intercourse in marriage.
Among the others are Rabanus Maurus' letter to Eberhard, Hincmar of Reims' Sentence against Gottschalk at the Synod of Quierzy, and Amolo of Lyons' On Grace and Foreknowledge.
Chazelle's chapter on the subject is noteworthy for a careful exposition of Gottschalk's theory of double predestination as well as for a clarification of John Scotus Eriugena's agreement with Hincmar of Rheims and Hrabanus Maurus.
Stuart Airlie's piece shows how, in the ninth century, Boso of Vienne placed great emphasis on his marriage to Ermengard and, according to the waspish Hincmar, what a major influence she was on motivating him.
62) The 'Vision of Bernoldus', heavily doctored by Bishop Hincmar of Reims, tells of an ordinary individual who sees king Charles the Bald and no fewer than forty-one bishops, including Ebbo of Reims, writhing in agony.
The papacy was caught between the political ambitions of the Eastern and Western rulers, as well as the Eastern Patriarchs and Western archbishops like Hincmar of Rheims, who had their own ideas about secular and ecclesiastical authority.
The dissolutions related to conversion and baptism are obviously based on Paul's advice to the church at Corinth (1 Corinthians 7:12-16), "if the unbeliever wishes to separate, however, let him do so" as interpreted by Ambrosiaster, possibly John Chrysostom, Theodore of Canterbury, Hincmar of Rheims, and later canonists to mean that the Christian partner was then free to remarry.
Treachery and Confession: Hincmar of Rheims Considers the Merits of Secrecy--Abigail Firey, University of Kentucky
8) In the early Middle Ages, the Carolingian bishops Agobard of Lyons and Hincmar of Rheims promoted anti-Jewish agendas.