Hincmar


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Hincmar

(hĭngk`mär), 806–82, Frankish canonist and theologian, archbishop of Reims (from 845). He was a supporter of Carolingian Emperor Louis ILouis I
or Louis the Pious,
Fr. Louis le Pieux or Louis le Débonnaire, 778–840, emperor of the West (814–40), son and successor of Charlemagne. He was crowned king of Aquitaine in 781 and co-emperor with his father in 813.
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 and a counselor of his son Charles IICharles II
or Charles the Bald,
823–77, emperor of the West (875–77) and king of the West Franks (843–77); son of Emperor Louis I by a second marriage.
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 (Charles the Bald). As a metropolitan he tried to depose the bishop of Soissons in 862 and brought on himself the censure of Pope St. Nicholas INicholas I, Saint,
c.825–867, pope (858–67), a Roman; successor of Benedict III. He was a vigorous and politically active pope who arbitrated both temporal and religious disputes.
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. Later (876), in a different contention, he upheld the rights of metropolitans. Hincmar vigorously opposed GottschalkGottschalk
or Gottschalck
, d. c.868, German theologian; son of the count of Saxony. He was placed as a boy in the monastery of Fulda (c.822). He did not wish to be a monk but was forced by Rabanus Maurus Magnentius, his superior, to remain.
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 and urged (850) ErigenaErigena, John Scotus
[Lat. Scotus=Irish, Erigena=born in Ireland], c.810–c.877, scholastic philosopher, born in Ireland. About 847 he was invited by Charles II, king of the West Franks (later Holy Roman emperor), to take charge of the court school at Paris.
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 to write on predestination. Dissatisfied with Erigena's tract, Hincmar wrote three treatises on the subject himself. He strongly opposed the divorce of LothairLothair,
sometimes called Lothair II,
d. 869, king of Lotharingia (855–69), second son of Emperor of the West Lothair I. He inherited the region bounded by the Rhine, Scheldt, Alps, and North Sea, which became known as Lotharingia (Lorraine).
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, king of Lotharingia, and he spent much of his time in defending the claims of Charles in various dynastic struggles, particularly against Louis the GermanLouis the German,
c.804–876, king of the East Franks (817–76). When his father, Emperor of the West Louis I, partitioned the empire in 817, Louis received Bavaria and adjacent territories.
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. Hincmar openly challenged the authenticity of portions of the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals [see False DecretalsFalse Decretals
, collection of documents, partly spurious, treating of canon law. It was composed between 847 and 852 probably in France, either at Reims or in the province of Tours (specifically at Le Mans), and composed by a man who called himself Isidore Mercator (hence the
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]. As a strong upholder of tradition, Hincmar defended the practice of public penance and initiated a reform in the French clerical life of the period.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ninth century theologian Hincmar of Rheims described it this way: "He who is to be examined by this judgment is cast into the water bound, and is drawn forth again bound.
El arzobispo de Reims Hincmar (845-882), por ejemplo, en una famosa pastoral de los anos 852-853, denuncia vigorosamente entre otras practicas "los juegos inmundos con un oso" (turbia joca cum urso) y pide a los obispos de su provincia que no toleren en ningun caso semejantes ignominias.
Archbishop Hincmar of Reims's (806-882CE) even described lesbian activity as "sodomy".
C'etait la doctrine defendue par Saint-Augustin (354-430) que l'on retrouve par exemple chez Hincmar de Reims (vers 806-882), lequel precise que l'existence de l'union sexuelle conditionne le sacrement qui concourt a garantir l'indissolubilite du mariage.
Desperately needing protection for Rome and the papacy from the barbaric Lombards, Hadrian II kept backing down before the demands of Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims and Emperor Louis II.
Early medieval penitentials clearly saw women's weaving as dangerous for its use in magic: Hincmar of Rheims considered "weaving skills and colored threads as part and parcel of the equipment [of] witches" (Flint 227), while Burchard of Worms issued a prohibition against women who incorporated spells into their weaving (Flint 238).
Previamente Sedulio pudo haber estado en Reims, donde habria entablado relacion con Hincmar de Reims (845-882); impulsado por el propio Hincmar, Sedulio pudo haber acudido tambien a Sankt Gallen para apoyar la coronacion como rey carolingio de Carlos III el Gordo (881), candidato politico de Hincmar (15).
Hincmar of Rheims, for example, commented on gift-giving as a means of cementing social relationships and setting codes of behaviour amongst a ruling elite at court, whilst Einhard similarly commented on Charlemagne's gifts to those who served in his palace, which made the familiars of the court an immediately identifiable group (51).
lt;<La lettre de Hincmar de Reims au sujet du mariage d'Etienne.
Faced with a request for his advice about a complex marital problem between two highly placed Carolingians, Hincmar was the first to define the sacramental role of intercourse in marriage.
Among the others are Rabanus Maurus' letter to Eberhard, Hincmar of Reims' Sentence against Gottschalk at the Synod of Quierzy, and Amolo of Lyons' On Grace and Foreknowledge.