Irigoyen, Hipólito

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Irigoyen, Hipólito

(ēpō`lētō ērēgō`yān), 1850?–1933, Argentine political leader, president of the republic (1916–22, 1928–30). In 1896 he became the leader of the Radicals, a bourgeois reform party. By propaganda, and sometimes by insurrection, he opposed the conservative regime. The electoral reform of Roque Sáenz PeñaSáenz Peña, Roque
, 1851–1914, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1910–14); son of an earlier president (1892–95), Luis Sáenz Peña.
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 enabled the Radicals in 1916 to replace the landowning oligarchy and to elect Irigoyen president. Ignoring congressional resolutions and public opinion, he maintained neutrality in World War I. Some reform measures were enacted during his administration but his efforts to increase Radical power led to forceful intervention in the provinces and produced much opposition. In 1922 he was succeeded by another Radical, Marcelo T. de AlvearAlvear, Marcelo Torcuato de
, 1868–1942, Argentine statesman and diplomat, president of the republic (1922–28). A member of the Radical party, he became minister to France after a victory of the Radicals in 1916 placed Irigoyen in the presidency.
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. Irigoyen was swept back into the presidency in 1928 with great popular acclaim, but his second administration, in the midst of economic depression, was so unpopular that he was overthrown and the oligarchy was reinstated (Sept., 1930).

Bibliography

See R. A. Potash, The Army and Politics in Argentina (Vol. I, 1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
To compound matters, they played a highly regressive role during the first radical government of Hipolito Yrigoyen (1916-22)-- the country's charismatic leader during most of the late 1920s--by severely limiting the latter's ability to deliver any economic and political concessions to the country's growing working class.
The Cafe Literario Osvaldo Bayer, located at Hipolito Yrigoyen 1440, is crammed with thousands of books and periodicals ranging from works by Leon Trotsky, Maxim Gorky, and Che Guevara to the latest issue of Cuba's communist newspaper, Granma.
1930President Hipolito Yrigoyen of Argentina is toppled by a military coup.
On 6 September 1930, General Jose Felix Uriburu assumed the presidency of Argentina after staging a coup that toppled incumbent Hipolito Yrigoyen.
5) In fact, on October 7, 1918, President Hipolito Yrigoyen approved a national decree that incorporated almost all of the reformist demands.
In addition, the ascendancy of the Radical Party, generally identified with the middle sectors, and the electoral triumph of its candidate Hipolito Yrigoyen in the presidential elections of 1916 were also related to middle-class organization and protest.
In 1928 the Patronato sought to influence government attitudes towards Sirio-Libanes immigration by securing as their honorary president as the President of Argentina, Hipolito Yrigoyen.
The association's 2,000 members recently acquired two adjacent buildings on Hipolito Yrigoyen, a street only a block from Plaza de Mayo.
For more information, contact Asociacion Madres de Plaza de Mayo, Hipolito Yrigoyen 1442 (1089), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The military coup of 1930 which overthrew the government of Hipolito Yrigoyen represents the first in a series of failed attempts on the part of the Argentine republic to democratize successfully.
Appointed in 1917 by the first Radical party president of the nation, Hipolito Yrigoyen, Llambias presided over a period of financial retrenchment during the world war and the extension of the municipal franchise to all male voters.