Hirohito

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Hirohito

(hērō`hētō), 1901–89, emperor of Japan. He was made regent in 1921 and succeeded his father, Yoshihito (the TaishōTaishō
, 1879–1926, reign name of emperor of Japan (1912–26). His given name was Yoshihito. The son of Mutsuhito, the Meiji emperor, he succeeded to the throne in 1912, but because of illness he played little part in governing the nation.
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 emperor), in 1926. He married (1924) Princess Nagako Kuni (1903–2000); a son and heir, Prince AkihitoAkihito
, 1933–, emperor of Japan (1989–). As crown prince, he traveled widely, visiting Great Britain, Canada, the United States, and many countries of Asia and South America. Like his father, Hirohito, Akihito is an accomplished amateur marine biologist. In Apr.
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, was born in 1933. For 20 years he reigned as sovereign as Japan went to war in China and the Pacific, and in 1945 he made an unprecedented radio broadcast announcing Japan's unconditional surrender to the Allies. Under Allied occupation, he retained the throne, but was transformed from imperial sovereign to democratic symbol. The constitution of 1946 made him "symbol of the state and of the unity of the people," and he became familiar as a marine biologist, family figure, and greeter of foreign heads of state. His Showa ("enlightened peace") reign was the longest and one of the most turbulent in Japan's history.

Bibliography

See D. Irokawa, The Age of Hirohito (1995); H. P. Bix, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan (2000).

Hirohito

 

Born Apr. 29, 1901, in Tokyo. Japanese emperor.

Hirohito was named prince regent in 1921 as a result of the illness of his father, Emperor Yoshihito. He ascended the throne after his father’s death in December 1926.

Hirohito

1901--89, emperor of Japan 1926--89. In 1946 he became a constitutional monarch