Hispaniola

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Hispaniola

(hĭs'pănyō`lə), Span. Española (ĕspänyō`lä), second largest island of the West Indies, 29,530 sq mi (76,483 sq km), between Cuba and Puerto Rico. HaitiHaiti
, Fr. Haïti , officially Republic of Haiti, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,122,000), 10,700 sq mi (27,713 sq km), West Indies, on the western third of the island of Hispaniola.
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 occupies the western third of the island and the Dominican RepublicDominican Republic
, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,950,000), 18,700 sq mi (48,442 sq km), West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo.
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 the remainder. Visited by Columbus in 1492, the island was called Española. The later French colony was called Saint-Domingue, after Santo Domingo, the Spanish colony in the eastern part of the island. The terrain, dominated by the Cordillera Central, is high and rugged; Pico Duarte (10,417 ft/3,175 m high) is the tallest peak. Extending far westward, like the claws of a crab, two mountain ranges form the scenic Gulf of Gonâve. The island's climate is subtropical, and agriculture (coffee, cocoa, sugarcane, and tobacco) flourishes in the abundant rainfall. In some areas of the island (in Haiti especially), increased population has caused significant deforestation for cultivation. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, are the largest cities.

Hispaniola

the second largest island in the Caribbean, in the Greater Antilles: divided politically into Haiti and the Dominican Republic; discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who named it La Isla Española. Area: 18 703 sq. km (29 418 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Columbus arrived on the Santa Maria on the north coast of the island of Hispanola (now shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti) in 1492.
During 1494-96, when Columbus administered Hispanola (today Haiti and the Dominican Republic), 100,000 of the 300,000 indigenous people died.
600 on Great Inagua, at the extreme southern end of the archipelago, with migrants coming from Hispanola.
In actuality, fully two-thirds of all the vegetal foodstuffs now consumed by humanity were under cultivation in Native America -- and nowhere else -- when Columbus first set foot on Hispanola.
The next tournament is March 16-20 at the 5 star Circa's Hispanola Resort and Casino, Santo Domingo, Dominica Republic for $2999 from Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Hence from the islands of Hispanola and Cuba, to Florida and the Gulf Coast of Louisiana, from Texas to Veracruz, Mexico a "technical-racial diffusion took place in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The struggles intensified when in the late 17th century the French took the western part of the island from the Spaniards who had colonised it first under the name Hispanola and later San Domingo.
Dates are as follows: March 16-20, 2005 -- Circa's Hispanola Resort and Casino, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; and April 13-18, 2005 -- Norwegian Cruise Caribbean Spirit Ship.