National Road

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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.


See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

References in periodicals archive ?
Historic National Road - Pennsylvania, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Ohio, West Virginia
Marketing the Eastern Legacy, Historic National Road, Phase 1, $80,000.
Hotel Restaurant and Tavern, Hollidaysburg -- Lincoln Caverns and Whisper Rocks, Huntingdon -- Historic National Road -- Colonial Boalsburg, Boalsburg -- Warrior Run - Fort Freeland Heritage Days, Warrior Run -- Allegheny National Scenic Trail Pittsburgh and Its Countryside -- Old Economy Village, Ambridge -- Meadowcroft Museum of Rural Life, Avella -- Sarris Candies, Canonsburg -- The Great Allegheny Passage, Greensburg -- Rivers of Steel National Heritage Area, Homestead -- Bradford House, Washington -- Manchester Craftsmen's Guild, Pittsburgh -- Laurel Caverns, Hopwood CONTACT: Carrie Fischer, Pennsylvania Tourism Office, +1-717-720-1301
Beginning June 21, the Bicentennial Wagon Train will travel from Ohio's eastern border in Martins Ferry, along the Historic National Road (U.
Among them are Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater, the Historic National Road, Laurel Highlands Hiking Trail, and the Great Allegheny Passage.
Department of Transportation designated the Historic National Road (the National Pike) a National Scenic Byway from Maryland to Illinois.
Cumberland was named after a town of the same name in Maryland, which marked the eastern end of the historic National Road (U.
From the Historic National Road on the East Coast to Hells Canyon Scenic Byway in Oregon and Loess Hills Scenic Byway in between, America's Byways demonstrates the depth and breadth of scenery in the U.

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