Historical Geography


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Geography, Historical

 

studies the physical, economic, and political geography of the past of a given country or territory. The materials of historical geography give concrete expression to data on the development of production in particular regions at various stages of the development of society.

Historical geography deals with the geography of internal and external boundaries and the distribution of cities, villages, and fortresses. It also studies historical events—that is, the routes of military campaigns, battles, popular uprisings, geographical discoveries and navigation, and the major trade routes—and specifies the geographical characteristics of historical events. The treatment of the problems of historical geography is subordinate to the general tasks of historical science. Its sources are written and archaeological monuments and information on toponymy and linguistics, as well as the data indispensable for the reconstruction of the physical geographic landscape of the past. The materials of historical geography formed the foundation for the development of historical cartography.

The most complex task of historical geography is the study of the economic geography of a given area—that is, the determination of the level of development and the distribution of productive forces and the analysis of the changes in the basic elements of economic geography during periods of change in the social and economic structure, for the purpose of obtaining comparable pictures of the dynamics of the development of society.

In prerevolutionary Russian and foreign historiography the object of historical geography was conceived as the determination of past political boundaries and the location of ancient cities and settlements, the determination of the sites of historical events, and the description of the ethnic boundaries of a given area. This concept was the consequence of the view of historical geography as a science engaged primarily in the study of political events and wars.

The initial development of historical geography was associated with the Renaissance and the great geographic discoveries of the 15th and 16th centuries. The atlas of the ancient world compiled by the Flemish geographer A. Ortelius in the second half of the 16th century was particularly important. During the 17th through 18th centuries the development of historical geography was promoted by the Dutch scholar P. Clüver and the French scholar J. B. D’Anville. The subject matter of historical geography expanded beginning in the second half of the 19th century as a result of the inclusion of problems of the socioeconomic geography of the past (for example, Darby’s works on the historical geography of Great Britain). In Russia, V. N. Tatishchev, N. I. Boltin, N. P. Barsov, S. M. Seredonin, and A. A. Spitsyn studied historical geography during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Soviet historians have done a number of major studies in historical geography: M. N. Tikhomirov’s Russia in the Sixteenth Century (1962), A. N. Nasonov’s The Russian Land and the Formation of the Territory of the Ancient Russian State (1951), and V. K. Iatsunskii’s Historical Geography: The History of Its Emergence and Development From the 14th to the 18th Century (1955).

Problems of historical geography in the USSR are studied by the Sector for Historical Geography of the Institute of the History of the USSR of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii istoricheskoi nauki v SSSR, vols. 1-4. Moscow, 1955-66. (Chapters on the history of historical geography in Russia.)
Iatsunskii, V. K. “Predmet i zadachi istoricheskoi geografii.” Istorik-marksist, 1941, no. 5.
Iatsunskii, V. K.“Istoriko-geograficheskie momenty v rabotakh V. I. Lenina.” In the collection Istoricheskie zapiski, vol. 27. Moscow, 1948.

V. K. IATSUNSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Scholars of urban history, architectural history, historical geography, planning history, and architectural studies in North America and the Netherlands explore the geography of places that engage with the US, including the Pacific Rim, the Americas, and the Indian Ocean, as well as focusing on the built environment and the role of governance and politics.
Our key themes include: environmental change, glaciology, fluvial processes, geomorphology, remote sensing and GIS, sustainability, urbanisation, rural change, cultural and historical geography, and political studies.
This paper was originally presented at the University of Nottingham as part of the School of Geography's Cultural and Historical Geography Research Seminar Series, and featured as part of a keynote address at the 2015 1CHRE History of Education Conference at the UCL Institute of Education, London.
The project brings together a young researcher, trained in a multidisciplinary group (LASA, Laboratory of Archaeology and Environmental History University of Genoa) through an historical geographical approach in the study of botanical iconography, and a prestigious research group from the University of Nottingham with the expertise of the landscape history, cultural and historical geography and environmental history of north west Italy, to develop a new methodology combining different disciplines together to study the circulation of naturalistic knowledge.
Interdisciplinary in its methodological approach, it relies on data from archaeology, ethnology, comparative and historical linguistics, historical demography, historical geography, and historical ecology.
Parts two, three and four treat the county's history and historical geography in chronologically arranged essays.
Mayhew, professor of historical geography and intellectual history, has chosen his subject and subtitle well.
Bonnell and Fortin present this volume on the use of GIS for historical geography research in Canada.
Plant Use and Folk Agriculture in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru: A Cultural Historical Geography of Plant Resources.
He begins with an essay on the historical geography of Iron Age Palestine in the eighth century BC, showing his vast knowledge and ability to write for the general public.
William has a specialist interest in geology, landscape and historical geography in West Yorkshire.
A Historical Geography of Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Colony Period.

Full browser ?