vampire(redirected from History of Vampirism)
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vampire,in folklore, animated corpse that sucks the blood of humans. Belief in vampires has existed from the earliest times and has given rise to an amalgam of legends and superstitions. They were most commonly thought of as spirits or demons that left their graves at night to seek and enslave their victims; it was thought that the victims themselves became vampires. The vampire could be warded off with a variety of charms, amulets, and herbs and could finally be killed by driving a stake through its heart or by cremation. Sometimes the vampire assumed a nonhuman shape, such as that of a bat or wolf (see lycanthropylycanthropy
, in folklore, assumption by a human of the appearance and characteristics of an animal. Ancient belief in lycanthropy was widespread, and it still exists in parts of the world.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Probably the most famous vampire in literature is Count Dracula in the novel Dracula by Bram StokerStoker, Bram
(Abraham Stoker), 1847–1912, English novelist, b. Ireland. He is best remembered as the author of Dracula (1897), a horror story recounting the adventures of the vampire Count Dracula.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See A. Masters, The Natural History of the Vampire (1972); N. Auerbach, Our Vampires, Ourselves (1995).
in Slavic folk beliefs, a corpse that comes out of the grave to harm people—to suck their blood.
The vampire is known in the superstitions of the Russians (upyr’), Ukrainians (upyr vampir), Byelorussians (vupar), Poles (upiór, upierzica), Czechs (upir), Serbs (in the 15—16th centuries, upir; later, vampir), and Bulgarians (vapir, vupir). A cult that offered sacrifices to vampires (to oupir) existed among the ancient Slavs. In a figurative sense, “vampire” is also used to refer to an extortionist, a cruel person, or an exploiter.
What does it mean when you dream about a vampire?
As important figures in folklore, vampires can simply be representations of our generic fears and anxieties. As creatures of darkness, vampires can particularly represent fears and anxieties arising out of our unconscious. Symbolically, a vampire is someone or something that sucks the life blood out of us. Alternatively, vampires can embody anxieties about our sexuality.